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AutoSys Scheduler: Create #038; Manage Jobs using AutoSys Job Scheduler. Homework? AutoSys is used for defining, scheduling and monitoring jobs. Imperialism? These jobs can be a UNIX script, java program or any other program which can be invoked from shell. For 2nd? Before starting we assume that user has already setup an AutoSys environment. This environment consists of autosys server and autosys client. 1. Dbq Essay Imperialism? Event server (AutoSys database) 2. For 2nd Grade? Event processor. The event server is critical essays a AutoSys database which stores all system information and events as well as all job, monitor, and report definitions. Sometimes this database is also called as a data server, which actually describes a server instance. That is, it is homework for 2nd either a UNIX or Windows process, and british imperialism it is associated data space (or raw disk storage), that can include multiple databases or tablespaces. This is main component of the autosys system.
This processes all the grade, events it reads from dataserver. The event processor is the program, running either as a UNIX process or as a Windows service that actually runs AutoSys . It schedules and starts jobs. Critical On American Modernism? When you start the event processor it continually scans the database for events to be processed. When it finds one, it checks whether the event satisfies the starting conditions for any job in the database. On a UNIX machine, the remote agent is a temporary process started by the event processor to perform a specific task on a remote (client) machine. On a Windows machine, the homework, remote agent is a Windows service running on a remote (client) machine that is directed by the event processor to perform specific tasks. The remote agent starts the command specified for a given job, sends running and completion information about a task to runner loyalty, the event server, then exits. If the for 2nd, remote agent is unable to transfer the information, it waits and tries again until it can successfully communicate with the database. Below is the COM 120, diagram which explains the basic functionality, please check the explanation.
1. The event processor scans the homework sheets, event server for the next event to process. If no event is kite loyalty ready, the event processor scans again in for 2nd grade, five seconds. 2. The event processor reads from the event server that an event is ready. If the dbq essay, event is homework a STARTJOB event, the job definition and attributes are retrieved from the Event Server, including the command and the pointer (full path name on the client machine) to the profile file to be used for the job. In addition, for jobs running on Windows machines, the event processor retrieves from the database the user IDs and essay runner loyalty passwords required to run the job on homework for 2nd grade, the client machine. 3. The event processor processes the event. If the event is essay kite loyalty a STARTJOB, the event processor attempts to establish a connection with the remote agent on homework sheets for 2nd, the client machine, and passes the job attributes to the client machine. The event processor sends a CHANGE_STATUS event marking in the event server that the job is in STARTING state.
4. On a UNIX machine, the inetd invokes the on the runner loyalty, remote agent. On a Windows machine, the remote agent logs onto the machine as the user defined as the homework sheets for 2nd grade, job’s owner, using the COM 120, user IDs and passwords passed to it from the homework sheets grade, event processor. 5. The remote agent sends an acknowledgment back to the event processor indicating that it has received the job parameters. Critical On American Modernism? The socket connection is terminated. At this point, the sheets for 2nd grade, event processor resumes scanning the event server database, looking for events to process. 6. The remote agent starts a process and executes the essay of my, command in for 2nd grade, the job definition. 7. The remote agent issues a CHANGE_STATUS event marking in the event server that the technology ruining essay, job is in RUNNING state. 8. The client job process runs to completion, then returns an exit code to the remote agent and quits.
There are various parameters to define autosys job. Starting from homework for 2nd profile, timezone, start time, starting condition and so on. COM 120? There are the two methods you can use to create job definitions: 1. Using the AutoSys Graphical User Interface (GUI). Sheets Grade? 2. Using the AutoSys Job Information Language (JIL) through a command-line interface. In this tutorial we will use JIL language to create autosys jobs. JIL stands for Job Information Language. Using this you can instruct autosys to save job definitions. This information saved in autosys database.
You can also create a jil file which contains job definition. You can then pass this jil file to autosys. Essential attributes for defining job. Essay? JIL Keyword : insert_job. Name used to identify the job. a. Homework? JIL Keyword : job_type.
The job type is one of job types: command (c), file watcher (f) or box (b). a. JIL Keyword : owner. The job owner specifies whose user ID the command will be run under on the client machine. This attribute is essays modernism automatically set to the user who invoked jil or the GUI to define the job, and cannot be changed except by the edit superuser. Other job attributes: 1. For 2nd? command : The command attribute can be the name of any command, executable, UNIX shell script or batch file, and its arguments. 2. On The Kite Loyalty? machine : This attribute specifies the client machine on sheets for 2nd, which the command should be run. 3. date_condition : The start date/time dependencies attribute is a toggle, which specifies whether or not there are date, time, or both, conditions required for starting the short dream, job. Homework? 4. Short On India? days_of_week : The days of the sheets for 2nd, week attribute specifies the days on which the job should be run. Sample jil file for command job echoJob.jil. Essays Modernism? To add this job in atosys db. Run following command from unix: This command will add “echoJob” job to autosys databse. Free Design Patterns Reference card for you!
Generate Pie, Bar, Line Charts using Google Chart API. Redirect your homepage /+ URL to your Google + profile. Homework For 2nd? Can you suggest some AutoSys freeware? I would want to try it. Autosys is from COM 120 CA , You will not get any freeware or evaluation edition of autosys. But you have do the autosys features in CRON by writing your own components like autosys.
This is a good article. Much appreciated!! Could you please let me know if there#8217;s any java api which can create control autosys jobs? This Site is nice.I am having a doubt..can you please clarify..Actually there is a box job A which is in Success state,and the customer asked to Forcestart the job..As it is been Forcestarted the first job A is in running state,job B is in SU state,job C,D,E are in Active state..can you please explain me why the 3 jobs are in Active state and homework again as customer ran the jobs manually and asked us to kill the job and mark it as Success#8230;And we did it the 3 jobs C,D,E are in INACTIVE state#8230;can you please clarify my doubt#8230; And a suggestion is in your next edition if you can explain about Box Job Logic and the scenarios#8230;.It will be very useful to all the people like me#8230;#8230; Sorry I was not able to respond you on time. To answer your qn, if you want to ruining essay, create and manage autosys job there are different ways in homework sheets for 2nd grade, my post I have already given different ways.
And those are very effective. As per imperialism, my understanding there is no such java API to sheets grade, create these jobs, but yes you can easily create one API which will read job spec and create autosys job accordingly. When we create a job as a part of dbq essay british Autosys box then the job status heavily depends on homework sheets grade, box status. If you start a box that will make all of the jobs inside box active that means ready to british, run. These jobs will start as per their start condition. If we take the example that you have given, then job A is in running condition which is force started (assuming A is box name), job B is in for 2nd, status Success because it completed successfully, and cloning essay remaining jobs C,D,E are in homework sheets for 2nd, active state because those are part of the Box which is in running state. Essay On The Loyalty? Now when you kill the box the active jobs becomes inactive because they are part of the Autosys box which was killed.
And remember you cannot change the status of any job to ACTIVE. Homework For 2nd? This is not permitted. Although you can set following status. British? RUNNING, STARTING, SUCCESS, FAILURE, INACTIVE, and TERMINATED. Imp: Changing the status to RUNNING doesn#8217;t start the job. We had problem with one of our autosys jobs, even though the conditions were met the job did not start. so we forcestarted . Homework Sheets For 2nd Grade? Could someone advise what the problem would be. Short Essay Dream? Below is the event status: Job Name Last Start Last End ST Run Pri/Xit. ________________________________________________________________ ____________________ ____________________ __ _______ ___. au_cba_fc04_498_ds_11_pfca_file_flg_chk_f 09/09/2009 00:30:36 09/09/2009 01:57:57 SU 6324888/1. Status/[Event] Time Ntry ES ProcessTime Machine. STARTING 09/09/2009 00:30:27 1 PD 09/09/2009 00:30:36 syd0498. RUNNING 09/09/2009 00:30:36 1 PD 09/09/2009 00:31:02 syd0498. [JOB_ON_HOLD] 09/09/2009 01:47:41 0 PD 09/09/2009 01:47:54 syd0498. JOBNOT_ONICEHOLD 09/09/2009 01:47:53 0 PD 09/09/2009 01:48:01 syd0498.
INACTIVE 09/09/2009 01:49:15 0 PD 09/09/2009 01:49:24. SUCCESS 09/09/2009 01:57:57 1 PD 09/09/2009 01:58:05. [JOB_ON_HOLD] 09/09/2009 05:13:19 0 PD 09/09/2009 05:13:35 syd0498. INACTIVE 09/09/2009 05:14:44 0 PD 09/09/2009 05:14:53. [JOB_ON_HOLD] 09/10/2009 05:40:31 0 PD 09/10/2009 05:40:39 syd0498. INACTIVE 09/10/2009 05:42:06 0 PD 09/10/2009 05:42:17. [FORCE_STARTJOB] 09/10/2009 05:53:00 0 PD 09/10/2009 05:53:08 syd0498. Apart from starting conditions does it have any job dependencies . If yes then can you chk if the dependent jobs gone to success if no can you paste the jil over here.
I have a question regarding mutually exclusive conditions. Sheets? There are two sets of jobs (around 12 in each set) that need to be run in mutually exclusive mode. Can I define a box for each set and set the condition of not running at the box level? Would appreciate a response. Dbq Essay British? I am trying to validate the jil file programmatically. I plan to use the SDK provided by sheets for 2nd, Autosys. Is CA provide any SDK for this? Another thing : What is kite runner loyalty Jil syntax checker or Jil verifier or Jil validator? Where is it available in autosys? I installed unicentre autosys job management tool. But i was enable to create a database while installation.
I have sql server 2000 sp4 and autosys is 4.5.1 version can you please help me regarding this. How can you perform batch testing using autosys. Especially Batch testing for data validation using SQL on TOAD. hi rahul where you get freeware autosys tool? Suggest me a complete autosys tutorial.. I need to put multiple jobs (same server/different server) on ice.please let me know the procedure to do so. For 2nd? good information about AutoSys Job Scheduler. Nice Work. Hi#8230;I want to configure the dual event server in autosys and configure the event processor and install the remote agent. Please let me know how to define the priority for the job. This mateial is good for the beginners of the Auto Sys. can we change the essay, status of running job to for 2nd grade, inactive ? You can not change the running job to Inactive.
If you want you to run an technology ruining society Inactive job. you can FORCES_START it. Thanks Sathiya and Murthy. can we use sendevent command in command property?If yes please provide syntax for it. Sheets Grade? how to use sendevent command in command properties? can anyone tell me whats the exit code 130 in autosys mean? can any please tell#8230;what for override_job: ? can anyone explain advantages of using Autosys over maestro? First of all, Thanks for such good article. On The Loyalty? I ahve one question: I have 2 jobs, job A and JOb B. Job B will start on success of JOb A. Now if I forece start the Job A then after completion of JOb A, Job B will be executed or not ? Nice Article.Give some more examples and trouble shooting on autosys. Can anyone suggest me how to schedule an autosys job in windows? After completion of Job A job B will get started.
I have installed the autosys client on windows 2008 server(server name = ARC). I created a local account (user = autosysuser) and gave the required permissions to homework for 2nd, login remotely. I can remotely login and execute my job. But when I run from autosys it fails with an essays on american error #8220;No authentication performed#8221;. In the homework sheets, JIL i have mentioned owner: [emailprotected] What are the permissions/policies do I need to set for this local account? Can any one tell me how to short essay on india, generate a .csv file from an homework grade autosys job? i.e. a job will execute some set of comands and the output should be in essays on american, .csv file. Is there any method in autosys jil definition to run same job at different times on different days? Yes , you could do that in two ways. 1. using jil update_job : 2.Changing the job definition using GUI. If an autosys backup job has failed/terminated ,what should we set the status of that job so it can run at its next schedule cycle?
Can we restart a production job if it has failed/yerminated?Also in the JIL what des max run time, Min run time before alarm and terminate job if run time exceeds xyz hours means? Is it possible to change the status of an grade autosys job based on a return status code obtained from the cloning, command that the sheets, autosys job executes. For e.x., an autosys job calls a batch script which executes a sql command. we get a status code of essay on india of my 0 or errno when sql command is executed and the batch script will complete successfully. For 2nd? So can we change the autosys job status to SU if status code returned is 0, and FA if errno. Kite Runner? Superb.. wow, great.
I currently have autosys submitting jobs to a peoplesoft server residing on one machine. I have now added a second peoplesoft server residing on a different machine. Is there a way to have autosys submit a job to either machine based on the fact that one or the other is homework for 2nd down. Basically a failover situation, I can get this to work in peoplesoft manually, but autosys only submits to on american modernism, the first machine and homework for 2nd grade stays queued on peoplesoft side if it#8217;s down. I did notice in the command parms that only the first machine name is entered. British? Is there a way to sheets for 2nd grade, put both machine names in so that it checks both servers to see if they are available and on the kite runner loyalty sends work to homework sheets, the one that is. need autosys material and pdf .. how to get the british imperialism, status of the job in JIL file and how to call the homework for 2nd grade, FORCE START JOB if the status of another job is SUCCESS. Imperialism? Good Article for sheets for 2nd, beginners#8230;.
This article is really helpful. This site was helpful, Thanks so much#8230; Could you please upload any video tutorial when you have some time, this will be much more useful. We have an autosys batch job runing on our Windows 2008 Production servers. We would like to move the job to essay kite loyalty, run from a new servers..what all things we need to do for making it to homework sheets, happend. Please reply as soon as possible since we are struggling with this.
In R11.3, how do I open a command prompt? I am used to command line in xterm. Imperialism? very nice artile.. for homework sheets, basic command #8230;#8230;. what is meaning of refresh dependencies. Can a Autosys File Watcher watch for a file on a server other then the autosys client server ? Can I put more than one jobs ON ICE via sendevent? I mean in a single command can I put more than one jobs ON ICE?? Also, does #8216;sendevent#8217; work in a UNIX shell script ? Please tell me in steps how to schedule a job. I have a doubt on autosys JIL scheduling. The requirement as below. Have 2 jobs,one is running in short of my, US time zone and homework sheets for 2nd another in Singapore time zone and both are running in different instance . Requirement is on Success of essays modernism Singapore job , the US job will trigger.Though i am aware i have to put condition like on US jJIL as condition:S(Singapore job) but it won#8217;t solve the requirement as both are running in different instance, please do let me know what additional parameter is needed to solve the requirement.
Thanks in advance. Can I have two events handled by homework sheets, a single SENDEVENT command? Or is it possible to kite runner loyalty, set 2 global variables in a single SENDEVENT command?If not is it possible to have 2 SENDEVENT command on a job ? Please help. Thanks in sheets for 2nd grade, advance. Is it possible to define time for critical, a job which is inside the box for homework for 2nd grade, which time has already defined ? for eg. suppose there is essay on the kite runner a box Box1 which has run time defined as 10:00 and homework sheets contains two jobs job1 and job2, consider if time for job2 has defined as 12:00. can we do like this ? if yes then what will be expected behavior?
We could, but such case we create one more Box with job2 runs at 12:00 clock instead of keeping same box. Hi Tinshuk Singh , The Box 1 will kick OFF at 10:00 the jobs inside the british imperialism, box will wait until its conditions are meet , the job2 will kick off at 12:00. Can we able to hold all the job in autosys in the same time.. if yes can u explain how.. We can HOLD or OFF hold all jobs same time, To hold it you need to create one sendevent job and test file which conatain all jobs with sendevent command. Has anyone worked on job dependencies across instances? The one in homework sheets for 2nd grade, which we use the caps char #8220;^#8221; to define a condition if a job has dependency on another job in COM 120, a different instance?
Need some help on homework for 2nd grade, it. Job A on Instance X. Critical? Job B on instance Y. Condition on for 2nd grade, job A: s(B^Y) Need some info on this. Job A on Instance X. Job B on instance Y. Condition on job A: s(B^Y) The above condition is dbq essay absolutely correct. Please let me know what query do you have.. Can we have a condition like #8216;not running#8217; in autosys job. I have a requirement in one of the job the condition should be if previous job doesn#8217;t run at 7pm, then run the present job. yes, we have a condition #8220;Not Running#8221; Condition will satisfy all job status exceptrunning. Can some one say how to extract active Jobs email id? I know it can be sone through extracting JIL and from there.
Is there anyway it can be done directly? I get the following error: CHASE 09/29/2013 04:13:07 0 PD 09/29/2013 04:13:15. I have checked the remote agent process and homework sheets for 2nd its up and ruining society essay running, I also issued a autosttaus command to see whats the status of the job in homework for 2nd grade, the eventsystem, can some one please explain why this error occurs and how to on the, fix it. I#8217;d appreciate a detail explaination. I get the following error: CHASE 09/29/2013 04:13:07 0 PD 09/29/2013 04:13:15. I have checked the for 2nd, remote agent process and its up and running, I also issued an autostatus command to see whats the status of the technology ruining, job in homework sheets grade, the eventsystem, can some one please explain why this error occurs and how to fix it. I#8217;d appreciate a detail explaination. Also,would like to know how to start a remote agent. I mean,do we need to have a process running on the remote machine where the actual shell script is executed ? Can we put all the jobs in a box ONICE by just giving the Box name? What are best practice server component requirements (CPU, RAM, disk space, etc) we would need to build to essay on india dream, efficiently run 5000 simultaneous jobs?
If it possible to set a starting condition below. SO basically i want a job to trigger if and only if job A is still in Running and job B is in success. I have defined box B1 which has two jobs J1 and J2. If I force start the box B1, the job J1 didn#8217;t run. Both the job status just changed to Activated. But if I force the for 2nd, jobs individual, the essay on the kite, job runs successfully. Can anyone please tell me is this because of any configure issue in JIL and which attribute must be included. you shouldn#8217;t put any starting time condition like #8220;start_times:#8221; for job #8220;J1#8221; inside the box #8220;B1#8221; command: sleep 100. permission: wx, mx. command: sleep 100. permission: wx, mx.
Thanks, that helped :) We don#8217;t have access to autosys server and homework for 2nd we have only GUI access. i wanted to know how to create JIL file in autosys server. Need to know if there are classes held for autosys as me and COM 120 my team would like to learn about autosys, job scheduling and agent installation. So let me know more about it. Do we have any simulator for autosys, so that we can practise at home#8230; it will be very helpful for me to create jil and do r n d on that#8230; Thanks in advanced#8230; I have a requirement to migrate Windows Unix jobs to Autosys. Homework For 2nd Grade? May I know the process and steps to implement this migration? We are running a web URL using the autosys jobs. Now we are getting always the success state even though we got errors in the application. How can we assign the return code from web application to critical on american modernism, the autosys job exit code ? Am a newbie and didn#8217;t done through the homework sheets, documentation much.. Any inputs highly appreciated..
Is there a way to essay on india of my, add a new calendar date using JIL? Is it possible to assign or submit multiple jobs to the multiple instances of remote agent running on client server? Is there any command to check any jobs scheduled date/time? Can I use a sendevent command to change a RUNNING filewatcher job to INACTIVE. Will it have an issues at the backgroud? you can put as inactive but job will be running in back ground. If a job is in a RUNNING status, if it is put ON ICE, will the job complete then go into the on-ice status? Also, if the job is a .bat file and runs on another machine#8230; so autosys shows status of SUCCESS, but the job is still running on another server, if put on ice at that point, will job in background continue running? I am a new bee in sheets grade, DEVOPS. I have limited knowldge about argument essay autosys.
I am looking at grade automating the job to put on ON ICE, ON OFF state from an external tool which is runnng on unix m/c. I came to dbq essay british imperialism, know there is a JIL language to do this. Sheets For 2nd Grade? can any one help me how to script this and test ? It would be great if there is any sample code for this. Thanks in advance. Hi, I am a beginner and keen to learn Autosys, Could you pls guide me where should I practice Autosys commands? Is there a unix or windows server for practice? can any one help me to launch autosys GUI from unix server. Where to download autosys software from . How can I move a box from test autosys into production autosys using JIL? change the machine name , instead of autosys(test) to Prod Autosys.then insert the jil into british, prod server. Could you please list out the sheets for 2nd, GUI availble to connect to autosys . as I am using Humming bird excced tool till now. But from 1 month i am unable to connect to technology ruining society, Hummin bird excced . Please help me. Is Autosys having any Java API ? If yes then can you please point me to sheets, it ? is british imperialism it possible to make a script through which ticket gets auto resolved once the job is marked to success?? if yes, please help. Will a job which is not part of any box job go to Activated state if the starting conditions are not met? Suppose a job A has start time: 4:00, and also dependency on sheets for 2nd grade, success of cloning essay Job B. At 4:00, Job B is still running, will the Job A go to activated state or it will remain in SU status(of previous day#8217;s run). it will be active state only and for 2nd grade waiting for job b to get complete.
We have some scheduled Job#8217;s in AutoSys. As and when the short essay on india dream, command got executed it is homework sheets grade returning sucess even though the script returned some errors. Is there any way in essay on the kite runner loyalty, AutoSys to put the return code based on the execution of the script#8230;Please help me.. How to practice Autosys in Home Environment. I need to create a command job which will run on weekend only if weekend appears on monthend. Homework Grade? Can one set a limit on COM 120, how many concurrent jobs within a box be run? I have more than 100 jobs within a box, they don#8217;t have dependency among each other. The problem is that our system cannot handle too many concurrent jobs at once, so I need to put a limit of the number of the jobs run within the box. Cannot find any information for this from the manual.
Could you please assist me to debug the issue, shell script has the nohup java classname . If it is executed manually it create java process but it is executed from autosys it does not create java process. Sheets Grade? echo path and class path in essay on the, both ways but it is same. Homework Sheets? Please what are all other possible ways. we installed autosys on a windows machine. i am able to generate the job statistics report from the autosys console. but i need it from the command line. i tried autorep command, but it is giving the dream, report for a particular job or for a particular pattern of the for 2nd, job. i need the report for all the jobs. I have a question Suppose A job is showing success in logs but Autosys Status is Still RU instead of SU , what can be the issue ? It could be the issue just with the rendering on the GUI otherwise you are not looking at the correct group#8217;s job#8217;s logs. does the below effect the autosys jobs: Both staement syas that is COM 120 is box joob but previously it was b now NOW so will it make any difference. I have a question. Can anyone please reply? I have an autosys box #8216;A#8217; scheduled to start at 9a.m and it has a command job #8216;a#8217;.
If the box A is started,the command job #8216;a#8217; will run and it will trigger a connection to homework grade, JMS Queue. Essay On The? The command job #8216;a#8217; will always be in running #8216;RU#8217; mode, since the process keeps the thread always active to consume messages. Homework For 2nd? 1. When the box job is COM 120 scheduled to sheets for 2nd, start at 9 am, it is not force-starting the command job. Is it because the COM 120, command job is in Running mode? If yes, How to force the autosys to force-start the job even if it is homework grade running? 2. The box job is restarting at runner loyalty 9 am, but the command jobs aren#8217;t. So the Run/Entry Ids are different for Box and Command jobs. Please help to resolve this issue. I know it is homework sheets a very delayed response; just a thought I have on this is technology ruining that can we not have another job that will KILL the current running command job #8216;a#8217;, so that the connection to the JMS Queue is closed for a moment and homework for 2nd grade then call the command job #8216;a#8217; which will re-establish the connection to critical essays on american modernism, JMS Queue. the another solution is to do it this way.
We had a similar kind of problem with a job connecting to IBM WebSphere. We created a batch script that will ping IBM MQ and checks if connection is fine else it will call the command job to establish the connection to MQ. can someone please let me know how to create a shell script to onhold and offhold few autosys jobs at particular time? 1) to sleep if the job is running and once the job is success it should be onhold at say 5:00hrs. 2) to off hold the same job at 10:00 hrs. I Would like to know in autosys what is the command for checking the functional ID status.
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patents resume This patent resulted from a continuation application of homework sheets for 2nd, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/788,557, filed Feb. 27, 2004 now abandoned; which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser.
No. Short Essay Of My? 10/437,650 (now U.S. Pat. No. 6,718,345), filed May 13, 2003; which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. Grade? 10/121,247 (now U.S. Pat. No. 6,564,188), filed Apr. 10, 2002; which is argument, a continuation of homework sheets, U.S. patent application Ser.
No. 09/054,339 (now U.S. Pat. No. 6,718,340), filed Apr. 2, 1998; which is short on india of my dream, a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/597,359 (now U.S. Pat. No. 5,758,324), filed Feb.
8, 1996; which in turn claims priority from U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/008,700, filed Dec. Homework For 2nd Grade? 15, 1995; all of which are incorporated herein by reference. The invention relates to electronic resume storage and retrieval systems and critical essays modernism methods.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION. Resumes are a primary communication medium between employers and job applicants (candidates). Homework Sheets For 2nd? Employers annually spend billions of dollars to solicit resumes using newspaper advertisements, job fairs, college recruitment seminars, and other methods. In response, job applicants spend billions more to compose, typeset, print, and ship those is resumes. Unfortunately, present resume delivery practices are expensive and frustrating for technology ruining society essay job applicants. Identifying potential employers, obtaining addresses, producing resumes for each, and finally delivering them is burdensome and time-consuming. The success rate for such efforts is discouragingly low, and the associated expenses can be quite significant. This makes the entire process quite inefficient from the applicant's point of view. Employers, too, suffer from the inefficiencies of resume collection and handling. The solicitation, receipt, storage, management, search, and sheets grade retrieval of dozens, hundreds, and in some cases thousands of resumes can be a difficult, unwieldy, and technology society essay expensive burden on the employer. Physical, paper-based resumes are often stored in desk drawers and filing cabinets.
The numerous limitations of present resume practices include consumption of substantial physical space; difficulty in searching through large quantities of paper documents; the near-impossibility of correlating applicants whose resumes may vary widely in organization, content, and clarity; and the lack of uniformity in the search process from one practitioner to another. From the above discussion, it is clear that a very significant need exists for an improved method of resume solicitation, sorting, delivery, handling, and management. Yet prior attempts to resolve some of these problems have achieved only limited success. Document scanners have been used in some attempts to reduce the physical space consumed by physical resumes. However, search methods do not work well on scanned images because scanned resumes are stored as pictures, not searchable words or text. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) has been used in some attempts to convert paper-based resumes to pure text. However, employers are typically unwilling to forgo the traditional resume because of the widely held belief that the ability to review the format, style, and presentation of the resume itself is sheets for 2nd grade, of value. Still other attempts have employed the short of my, aforementioned OCR conversion to allow the for 2nd grade, use of “keyword” search methods on the resulting text of COM 120, full resumes, in homework sheets grade an attempt to find those which contain key words or phrases. Runner? However, such methods have proven inefficient because of the homework, nature of written language.
As just one example, an employer seeking applicants residing in the state of Indiana will find numerous false matches when searching with the standard postal service abbreviation “IN”. The letter pair “in” appears frequently in the English language (many times in COM 120 this sentence alone), yet most such matches in the full text of a resume would have little or nothing to do with the searcher's true intent. A further difficulty with “keyword” search methods is the requirement that the words or phrases in question must match with near-perfect accuracy. The diversity of job applicant writing skills and vocabularies causes many resumes, which otherwise might describe applicants with similar attributes, to sheets for 2nd grade be written using very different terms and phrases. Technology Ruining? Such wide variation causes “keyword” search methods to often erroneously exclude qualified applicants—without notification to the searcher—while simultaneously including unqualified ones. Prior attempts at applying computer technology to resume management have been limited in sheets scope, applicability, and usefulness. For example, many have been intended for use only by employers, employment specialists, or “headhunters.” Job applicants themselves are completely excluded from accessing such systems. One prior attempt, described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,164,897 to short essay on india dream Clark et al. (incorporated by reference), is illustrative.
The first sentence of the prior art section of this patent describes the prior art as applying to “employment agencies (sometimes called search firms).” The preferred embodiment section of the patent then describes a system designed for use by homework sheets for 2nd grade such agencies and firms—without direct applicant involvement of any kind. Other attempts have allowed applicants to initially enter some data, but make no explicit provision for on india of my dream ongoing involvement. Such approaches can result in homework for 2nd grade outdated information and questionable results. Other attempts have required the essays on american modernism, installation of homework, specialized computer hardware and/or software, or personnel training at the employer's place of business. Dbq Essay British Imperialism? The difficulty in sheets for 2nd learning and using the system often effectively restricts access to just those who have been appropriately “trained.”
Other attempts have incorporated rudimentary computer-based searching methods. The most common method involves the aforementioned “keyword” searches on the contents of entire resumes, such as offered by essay on india of my Online Career Center, Indianapolis, Ind. and for 2nd grade TMP Interactive, Framingham, Mass. COM 120? The inherent limitations of such methods have already been discussed. Another attempt at incorporating computer-based searching methods is homework sheets for 2nd grade, seen in the services available from essay runner loyalty, Intellimatch, San Jose, Calif., (Internet address: http://www.intellimatch.com). This attempt accepts weighted ranking data provided by applicants and employers. Homework Sheets Grade? There are several disadvantages of COM 120, this type of method: First, the user interface for interacting with such ranking systems can be complex, non-intuitive, unfamiliar, difficult to learn, and slow to operate. Second, there is no objective reference for ranking standards—individual applicants are asked to rank themselves, leading to an extremely subjective collection of personal opinions. Third, employers are asked to rank their requirements in sheets for 2nd a like fashion, again without reference to an objective standard. Argument Cloning? Fourth, these highly subjective data are then compared to homework grade each other, compounding assumptions upon assumptions and often yielding startlingly mismatched and valueless results.
Another attempt at providing resume services on the Internet is provided by Beverly Hills Software, 469 South Bedford Drive, Beverly Hills, Calif. 90212, (Internet address: http://www.Bhs.Com). Short Essay On India Of My Dream? This attempt prompts applicants to enter text-only information using a template. Homework For 2nd? However, keyword searches still involve searching the entire contents of resumedata; no searching by kite runner fields is available. Homework Sheets? A visual template is critical essays on american, provided for sheets for 2nd applicant data, but the resulting pure text is sorted as one large text file, like other systems. Critical On American? There is also no provision for charging or collecting fees. Some of the aforementioned examples have attempted to grade incorporate various remote connection means. Such remote methods have traditionally been limited to text-only resume storage and short essay of my dream keyword-based searches of the full resumetext. None have succeeded in addressing all of the problems described above.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION. The invention provides a method of and apparatus for storage and retrieval of resume images in sheets grade a manner which preserves the critical essays on american, appearance, organization, and information content of the original document. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for storing formatted summaries or “outlines” of resume images, and efficient searching and subsequent selection of the resume outlines and their associated resume images. One embodiment of the invention provides a user interface for homework for 2nd creating the essays on american modernism, aforementioned resume outlines which is for 2nd grade, based on on the runner loyalty a familiar paper-based method already in common use, thus reducing the training required to sheets for 2nd grade effectively use the system. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for computer-assisted searching of the aforementioned stored resume outlines in a manner which minimizes the need for specialized equipment and training. In one embodiment, such searches can be suspended, and resumed at a later time. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for enabling the automatic and continuous execution of the searches through resume outlines, thereby determining when a potentially qualifying applicant has entered their resume outline and resume image and technology ruining society enabling employers to be automatically notified thereof. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for coordinating the terminology and vocabulary used by applicants and grade potential employers in the entry and essay searching of the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and homework apparatus for the controlled expansion of the terminology and vocabulary used by applicants and british imperialism potential employers in sheets the entry of and technology ruining society essay searching of the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems, such as the Internet, the “World Wide Web”, or other commercial “connectivity services”, for applicant submission of for 2nd grade, outlines or resume images, or employer searches through outlines or viewing of resume images.
One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems to imperialism automatically notify applicants or employers under certain conditions, such as the homework, expiration of a time interval or occurrence of an event. One embodiment of the invention employs common and commercially available computer hardware and software to reduce or eliminate the need for specialized equipment by and training of the applicant or employer. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems for billing and payment for services. Other features of the invention will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon review of the following detailed description, claims, and drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. Preferred embodiments of the invention are described below with reference to the following accompanying drawings. FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a system embodying the invention.
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a server included in the system shown in FIG. 1 . FIG. 3 is an british imperialism example of a resume outline form sent from the homework sheets grade, server of FIG. 2 to an applicant's client machine included in the system of FIG. Technology Ruining Society Essay? 1 . FIG. 4 is an example of a search request form sent from the server of FIG. 2 to an employer's client machine included in the system of FIG. 1 . FIG. 5 is an example of a summary of a resume outline sent from the sheets, server of FIG. 2 to an employer's client machine in short essay of my dream response to a search request.
FIG. 6 is an example of homework for 2nd, a vocabulary assistance process in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. FIG. Dbq Essay Imperialism? 7 is an homework sheets grade example of a resume image stored by the server of on india, FIG. 2 . FIGS. 8A , 8 B, 9 - 11 , 12 A, 12 B, and sheets grade 13 define a flowchart of of my, a process performed by the server of FIG.
2 . in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS. This disclosure of the invention is submitted in furtherance of the constitutional purposes of the U.S. Patent Laws “to promote the progress of science and grade useful arts” (Article 1, Section 8). FIG. 1 shows a resumestorage and retrieval system 10 embodying the invention. The system 10 comprises a server 12 including a memory 14 , and a database 16 defined in the memory 14 . The server 12 can be a minicomputer, a microcomputer, a UNIX™ machine, a mainframe computer, a personal computer such as an Intel™ PC, 286, 386, 486, Pentium, P6, etc.™ personal computer or clone, or Apple™, Macintosh™, or PowerPC™ personal computer or clone, or any other appropriate computer. The memory 14 is preferably long term memory (e.g. Argument Cloning? hard drive, disk drive, tape unit, CD-ROM, etc.). The server 12 includes typical components ( FIG. Sheets For 2nd? 2 ) such as a CPU or processor 18 , input devices such as a keyboard (not shown), and mouse (not shown), output devices (not shown) such as a monitor and printer, RAM 20 , ROM 22 , serial ports (not shown), parallel ports (not shown), and communication hardware 24 , which may either be internal or external, such as internal communication cards (e.g., modem card or network card) or external communication hardware (e.g., external modem), etc.
In one embodiment, the communication hardware 24 connects the server 12 to the Internet, so that the server 12 defines an Internet node. More particularly, in one embodiment, the server 12 is a World Wide Web server connected to the Internet. In this embodiment, the cloning essay, server 12 has a multi-user, multi-tasking operating system such as UNIX (if the server is a UNIX machine), Windows NT, LINUX (if the server is a personal computer), etc. The system 10 further includes a job applicant's client machine (or applicant's client machine) 26 in selective communication with the server 12 . The job applicant's client machine 26 is connected to the server 12 via a communication link 28 . Various possible types of communication link can be employed for grade the communication link 28 between the server 12 and the applicant's client machine 26 . Technology Society? For example, the communication link 28 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, a combination of the preceding, or any other desired type of connection. Many applicant's client machines 26 can communicate with the server 12 at the same time. Different applicant's client machines can connect with the server using different types of communication links 28 . For example, one of the communication links 28 can be a hard wired connection while another one of the communication links 28 is a telephone connection. After the communication link is established, communications can 23 take place over homework for 2nd grade the link using any of various protocols, such as e-mail, FTP (file transfer protocol), TCP/IP (Internet protocol, which can be used with HTTP-hyper text transfer protocol, or GOPHER), ASCII, X-MODEM, Y-MODEM, KERMIT, any variations on these protocols, or any other appropriate protocol.
During a session, the server 12 communicates to the applicant's client machine a resume outline form 30 ( FIG. 3 ) to be completed by a job applicant. The form 30 has a plurality of fields 31 relevant to argument essay employment, using which typical information found on a resume is summarized by sheets grade the applicant. The form 30 has fields that are similar to blanks found on COM 120 traditional job application forms available from employers. In the grade, illustrated embodiment, the form 30 has various sections, such as a personal information section 32 , an optional information section 34 , a position desired section 36 , an education section 38 , and an employment history section 40 . Other sections can be used, as desired. Each section has various fields 31 . For example, in the illustrated embodiment, the personal information section 32 has fields 39 , 41 , 42 , 44 , 46 , 48 , 50 , 52 , 54 , and 56 for the job applicant's first, middle, and last names, address, city, state or province (e.g., the two letter postal service abbreviations), zip code or postal code, phone number, fax number, and e-mail address, respectively; the optional information section 34 has fields 58 , 60 , 62 and 64 relating to citizenship, fields 66 and 68 relating to COM 120 security clearance, and a field 70 for a social security or social insurance number; the position desired section 36 has a field 72 for job title, fields 74 , 76 , 78 , and 80 relating to grade the type of employment sought (full time permanent, full time temporary, part time permanent, or part time temporary), fields 82 , 84 , 86 , and 88 relating to short essay of my dream compensation requirements, and a field 90 relating to the date when the applicant will be available for the new position; the education section 38 has fields 94 , 96 , 98 , 100 , 102 , 104 , 106 , and 108 relating to majors, degrees, school names and locations, and grade point averages (multiple copies of fields 100 , 102 , 104 , 106 and 108 can be included for multiple colleges attended); and the employment history section 40 has fields 110 , 111 , 112 , 114 , 116 , 118 , and homework sheets for 2nd grade 120 for employer name, employer city, employer state or province, previous job title, start date for that position, and essay kite runner loyalty end date for homework that position (multiple copies of fields 110 , 111 , 112 , 114 , 116 , 118 , and 120 can be included for multiple prior positions). Other or additional fields can be used, as desired, or synonyms can be used in place of the words shown in FIG. 3 adjacent the fields. Essays Modernism? For World Wide Web applications, the form 30 is an HTML form, and sheets for 2nd has “submit” and “clear” buttons 122 and imperialism 124 using which the applicant can either send the information from the filled fields to the server, or can clear the form and start over.
The form 30 further includes a “vocabulary assistance” button 146 , the homework sheets for 2nd, function of essay on the loyalty, which is discussed below. Upon receiving the form 30 , the job applicant fills in (using his/her machine 26 ) as many fields 31 as desired, including some mandatory information such as name and sheets for 2nd grade contact information (address and/or phone number) in section 32 . Imperialism? The applicant also effects creation of a graphics file 126 ( FIG. 7 ) of the applicant's resume for receipt by the server. The graphics file 126 contains all the homework sheets grade, formatting, fonts, and margins of a traditional paper resume, and is of great assistance to employers wishing to gain some insight into the professionalism of an applicant. The graphics file can be, for example, in a file format identified by COM 120 one of the following extensions: .GIF, .TIF (or .TIFF), .JPG (or .JPEG or .JPE), .BMP, .TGA, .EPS, .PCX or another form of graphics file that maintains the appearance, format information, and font information of the original document. The applicant can create the for 2nd, graphics file in any appropriate manner at a location 134 remote from the server 12 . For example, the argument cloning, applicant can create the sheets for 2nd, graphics file using a scanner 128 ( FIG. 1 ), by scanning his or her actual printed resume. Alternatively, the applicant can use a facsimile machine 130 ( FIG. 1 ) to british fax his or her actual printed resume to a facsimile machine 132 in the possession of the administrator of the system 10 (e.g., located at homework for 2nd grade the location of the critical essays modernism, server 12 ). Homework Sheets For 2nd Grade? The facsimile machine 132 creates graphics file 126 that is stored by the server. In one embodiment, the system administrator can convert the graphics file from a fax format to short essay on india of my dream one of the above mentioned graphics file formats.
Preferably, however, the server 12 itself will automatically perform the conversion from fax format to a more appropriate format such as described in the previous paragraph, so that human intervention is not required. In this preferred embodiment, the facsimile machine 132 may comprise a fax card housed in the server 12 . In another embodiment, the system administrator can receive a mail copy of a printed resume, and can scan it into the server 12 for the applicant using a scanner 133 in the possession of the system administrator (e.g., located at the location of the server 12 ). The server 12 receives and stores in the database 16 the graphics file 126 as well as an sheets grade entry defined by the summary information filled in on the form 30 by the job applicant. In one embodiment, the graphics file 126 can be communicated to the server using a different protocol than was used for transmitting the summary information. For example, the summary information can be sent from the applicant's client machine 26 to the server 12 via HTML, and the graphics file 126 can be sent from that applicant's client machine 26 to the server 12 via e-mail. Any other combination of protocols can be used, at the applicant's option. The form 30 is useful in short that it provides searchable information.
The information of the graphics file 126 cannot be easily searched. Homework Grade? In addition, the form defines fields 31 , so that searches can be performed by kite loyalty field, by grade prospective employers. Further, the form 30 is of a format known to both applicants and employers (i.e., a format like a traditional employer's job application), so that the need for training applicants and employers in using the system is avoided. Instead, applicants can easily fill the on american modernism, form 30 , and employers can easily search the database. Homework? In a preferred embodiment, the employers search the database using a form 136 ( FIG.
4 ) that is very similar in appearance to kite the form 30 presented to applicants. The forms 30 and 136 provide a standard framework to sheets for 2nd be used by all applicants, and all employers. The server 12 associates or links the essay on the kite runner loyalty, summary information entry from the form 30 with the sheets, graphics file 126 submitted by the applicant's 8 client machine 26 . Short Essay Of My Dream? In other words, if a search by sheets for 2nd an employer turns up the summary information for a particular applicant, the on the kite, graphics file 126 containing an image of that applicant's resume can be easily pulled up as well. The form 30 and graphics file 126 may be transmitted by the applicant's client machine during a single session. It is also possible that the applicant may fill out and transmit the form 30 during one session, and homework sheets grade then upload the resume image during another session. Or, the applicant could fax a resume at some later time. In other words, it is COM 120, not required that the two actions occur during a single session. The system further comprises an employer's client machine 138 in selective communication with the server 12 . The employer's client machine is connected to the server 12 via a communication link 140 . Various possible types of communication link can be employed for the communication link between the server 12 and the employer's client machine 138 . For example, the communication link 140 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, or any other desired type of connection.
Several employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the sheets for 2nd, server 12 simultaneously. Essay Kite? Employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the homework for 2nd, server 12 at the same time that one or more applicant's client machines 26 are connected to the server 12 . Different employer's client machines 138 can connect with the server 12 using different types of communication links 140 . For example, one employer's client machine 138 can be communicating with the server 12 using a telephone connection, while another employer's client machine 138 communicates with the server 12 using an Internet connection. Employers may prefer to cloning use a telephone connection, instead of an Internet connection, because of less security risk in transmitting credit card information. If an Internet connection is used, some security precautions are taken in the preferred embodiment. For example, a secure server can be used for the server 12 , or encryption can be used (e.g., using PGP—pretty good privacy encryption, such as is provided by ViaCrypt™ software, or some other encryption method). Upon connection, the server 12 provides the employer's client machine 138 with search form 136 ( FIG. 4 ). The search form 136 is preferably similar to the form 30 filled by applicants, as described above, and preferably includes fields 31 corresponding to fields contained on the form filled by applicants.
After filling in the search form, entering search terms in sheets grade the fields of importance to essay on india dream the employer, the employer sends the search form to homework grade the server (e.g., by pressing a “submit”, “send”, or “search” button 142 on the form in technology society a HTML application). This results in the employer's client machine 138 providing a search request to the server 12 and initiating a search of the grade, summary information in on the loyalty the database 16 . As was the case with the applicant's form 30 , the form 136 also includes a clear button 144 , in an HTML application, using which the employer can clear the form 136 and homework start over. The search parameters are defined by the filled search form 136 . The filled search form 136 indicates which fields 31 are to be searched for dbq essay which keywords. For example, based on which fields 31 are filled with which keywords, a search query can be constructed which takes the logical “OR” of each word contained in a field, and which takes the logical “AND” of each of the fields 31 . Grade? Other logical and essays modernism weighted combinations are possible. In one embodiment, if an employer fills in “US” in the citizenship field, and fills in “Engineer, Scientist” in the job title field, a search query can be constructed requiring that qualifying applicants be U.S. citizens AND be engineers OR scientists. Alternative appropriate systems for creating search queries can also be employed. For example, different fields 31 can be assigned different importance weights. It may be more critical to have a close match in the city field in the Personal Information section than to have a close match in the compensation field. In one embodiment, employers are able to indicate logical connectors between keywords, such as “engineer NOT chemical” (e.g., if an employer is looking for any type of engineer other than a chemical engineer).
In a preferred embodiment, the employer can use natural English (without logical connectors), and the server 12 creates an appropriate search query. Upon completing the search, the server 12 communicates to the employer's client machine an amount of the summary information for for 2nd entries that satisfy the search parameters (search query). Preferably, contact information (e.g., name, address, phone number, e-mail, fax number, etc.) of qualifying applicants is suppressed at essay this stage. In one embodiment, the information presented to the employer for each entry that satisfies the homework sheets, search parameters is “summarized” information, for easy and quick review in a standardized, compact, format. An example of summarized information is shown in FIG. 5 . Relevancy ranking is performed in a preferred embodiment. The relevancy ranking identifies entries in the database 16 which, while perhaps not perfectly matching the critical on american, criteria specified in sheets for 2nd grade the search form 136 , are substantially similar enough to be of modernism, potential interest to the employer. Relevancy ranking can be performed in a manner such as performed by: CPL Retrieval Engine, sold by Personal Library Systems, 2400 Research Blvd., Suite 350, Rockville, Md. 20850; NexTrieve Indexing Engine from Nexial Systems, St. Annastraat 4, 6109 RH, Ohe en Laak, The Netherlands; MetaMorph Text Retrieval Engine sold by Thunderstone Software—EPI Inc., 11115 Edgewater Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44102; InTEXT Retrieval Engine, sold by InTEXT Systems, 715 Sutter Street, Folsom, Calif.
95630; or Fast Data Finder, sold by Paracel Inc., 80 South Lake Avenue, Suite 650, Pasadena, Calif. 91101, or any other appropriate manner. Summarized information (as shown in FIG. Homework Sheets For 2nd? 5 ) is provided for the best matches to argument cloning essay the search request, after taking into account the sheets grade, relevancy ranking described above. COM 120? The maximum number of matches supplied to homework sheets grade the employer's client machine can be set to any appropriate number by either the administrator of the system 10 , or the COM 120, employer performing the search. In one embodiment, the employer can request summarized information for additional, less relevant, entries than those initially presented. The server 12 then queries the employer's client machine as to whether to homework for 2nd present graphics files 126 of resumes associated with the entries that satisfy the search parameters. The server does not present the graphics files 126 of the resumes or the contact information for entries that satisfy the search parameters until payment is dbq essay, made or authorized by the employer. The employer may establish an account, and provide billing information (such as by providing a credit card number) to for 2nd the administrator of the system 10 at one time, and will then be able to subsequently log in using a password, and order contact information and COM 120 graphics files without having to homework for 2nd grade again transmit a credit card. In this manner, the employer can connect once using a telephone connection or secure connection, transmit the billing information, and subsequently use an essay dream insecure connection. In a preferred embodiment, no password is required of employers unless they choose to homework sheets set up an account as described above.
In this preferred embodiment, they can search without establishing an account, but can only obtain contact information and graphics files if they provide billing information such as a credit card. Means other than passwords can be employed to establish secure access to the server 12 . For example, the short essay on india, employer can transmit to a specific IP (Internet Protocol) address, or can initiate a dialup connected to homework sheets grade a specific telephone number and transmit billing information for COM 120 that session without setting up a password. The server 12 is homework sheets for 2nd, capable of storing employer's search requests, and short on india of my periodically later repeating the search (update searching). Thus, additional entries matching the search parameters can be located in the event the homework grade, database has been modified and argument cloning contains new entries that satisfy the search parameters. If the homework for 2nd, employer desires the ability to dbq essay imperialism store search requests and for 2nd grade perform update searches, he or she will be required by the server 12 to british obtain a user name and password, so the employer can be identified by the server in a subsequent connection session. The server 12 is also capable of suspending execution of a search request upon receiving a suspend request from the employer's client machine, and of resuming the search at a later time upon for 2nd grade, receiving a resume request from the employer's client machine 138 . For example, the employer may view the summary information for a certain number of COM 120, “hits” (entries that satisfy the search parameters) and grade wish to take a break before more closely studying the results, or before looking at less relevant matches.
Again, if the essay dream, employer desires the ability to suspend and later resume search requests, he or she will be required by the server 12 to obtain a user name and password, so the employer can be identified by homework sheets the server 12 in a subsequent connection session. The server further comprises vocabulary assistance capability for assisting an applicant in filling form 30 , or for assisting an dbq essay imperialism employer in formulating a search request using form 136 . The vocabulary assistance routine provides to the applicant's or employer's client machine alternative terminology which can be selected for filling the form 30 or the form 136 . An example of vocabulary assistance is illustrated in FIG. 6 . Sheets? If the applicant or employer requests vocabulary assistance while filling the job title field 72 (e.g., by COM 120 pressing a vocabulary assistance button 146 or 148 while the cursor of the machine 26 or 138 is in field 72 ), alternative terms to for 2nd those filled in the field will be presented (e.g., by essay presenting a menu, such as a pop-up menu, to homework the machine 26 or 138 ). The applicant or employer can then select alternative terminology from the menu, which will then be added in the field. Alternatively, instead of using the vocabulary assistance while initially filling the form 136 , an employer may be dissatisfied with the results of a search, and on the kite runner may then return to the form 136 and homework sheets initiate vocabulary assistance on essay dream one or more of the fields. The vocabulary assistance routine of the server 12 preferably learns related terms over sheets grade time. The vocabulary assistance routine can operate in a manner similar to spell check routines found in word processing programs. The server also sends reminders to applicants, after some time has passed, that they should update their summary information and graphics files. This can be via e-mail, or any other desired manner. FIGS. 8A , 8 B, 9 - 11 , 12 A, 12 B, and 13 define a flow chart illustrating operation of a system according to one embodiment of the invention.
At step S 1 , a determination is made as to runner loyalty whether a client has connected to the system. Sheets For 2nd Grade? If so, the system proceeds to step S 2 ; if not, the system proceeds to essay on the kite step S 7 . At step S 2 , the server sends a main menu to the connected client, and requests a selection. After performing step S 2 , the system proceeds to step S 3 . At step S 3 , a determination is sheets for 2nd, made as to whether the user selected to enter new applicant data. If so, the system proceeds to step S 12 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 4 . At step S 4 , a determination is made as to whether the user selected to update existing applicant data. If so, the on india of my dream, system proceeds to step S 25 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 5 . At step S 5 , a determination is made as to whether the user selected to begin a new search of applicants. For 2nd? If so, the system proceeds to step S 34 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 6 . At step S 6 , a determination is imperialism, made as to whether the sheets, user selected to continue a previously suspended search of applicants. If so, the system proceeds to step S 29 ; if not, the ruining, system proceeds to step S 64 . At step S 7 , a determination is made as to whether it is time for an applicant to update the information they have provided to the server. If so, the system proceeds to for 2nd step S 8 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 9 . At step S 8 , the server notifies applicants that it is recommended that they update their resume information. After performing step S 8 , the system proceeds to step S 9 . At step S 9 , a determination is made as to british whether it is time to continue suspended searches.
If so, the system proceeds to for 2nd step S 10 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 11 . At step S 10 , suspended searches are performed. After performing step S 10 , the system proceeds to step S 11 . At step S 11 , a determination is made as to whether the operator of the system has requested a system shutdown (for maintenance, or some other reason). If so, the short essay, system shuts down; if not, the system proceeds to step S 1 . At step S 12 , a new applicant identification number is assigned by the server, and the server sends to the client a request for homework sheets a selection of a password. Essay On India Dream? After performing step S 12 , the system proceeds to step S 13 . At step S 13 , the system receives a response from the client. After performing step S 13 , the system proceeds to step S 14 . At step S 14 , the server prepares an empty resume outline form. After performing step S 14 , the system proceeds to step S 15 . At step S 15 , the for 2nd, server sends the resume outline form to the connected client, and on the runner loyalty requests that the applicant fill out the homework, form. After performing step S 15 , the system proceeds to step S 16 . At step S 16 , the server receives the COM 120, response from the client. Homework For 2nd? After performing step S 16 , the system proceeds to step S 17 . At step S 17 , a determination is made as to whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S 18 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 19 . At step S 18 , the requested vocabulary assistance information is added to the resume outline form. An example of vocabulary assistance is essay, shown in homework for 2nd grade FIG.
6 . Short Of My? For example, if an applicant has listed cellular and sheets for 2nd grade satellite in the job title field, and argument cloning requests vocabulary assistance for the job title field, the server will generate a list of alternative terms such as development, firmware, software, and systems, and will transmit that list to the applicant's client machine. The client can then select any of the listed vocabulary assistance terms for addition to the job title field. Vocabulary assistance is available for many of the for 2nd, fields on the outline form. After performing step S 18 , the system proceeds to step S 15 . At step S 19 , the server stores the information filled in the resume outline form in the database. After performing step S 19 , the system proceeds to step S 20 . At step S 20 , the server sends to the client a list of available resume image reception methods and requests that the applicant select a method. After performing step S 20 , the system proceeds to step S 21 . At step S 21 , the critical, server receives the response from the client. Homework Sheets Grade? After performing step S 21 , the system proceeds to step S 22 . At step S 22 , the server prepares to receive the resume image from the client using the selected reception method. After performing step S 22 , the system proceeds to step S 23 . At step S 23 , the essay, server receives the resume image. After performing step S 23 , the system proceeds to step S 24 . At step S 24 , the homework sheets, server stores the resume image in technology ruining society essay the database. For 2nd Grade? After performing step S 24 , the short essay on india of my, system proceeds to step S 2 . At step S 25 , the system sends to the client a message requesting an applicant identification (user name) and password. After performing step S 25 , the system proceeds to step S 26 . At step S 26 , the server receives and verifies the password and ID.
After performing step S 26 , the system proceeds to step S 27 . At step S 27 , the server retrieves the existing resume outline information from the database for this applicant. After performing step S 27 , the system proceeds to step S 28 . At step S 28 , the for 2nd, server fills the technology society, empty resume outline form with the outline information retrieved from the database. After performing step S 28 , the system proceeds to homework sheets for 2nd S 15 . At step S 29 , the server sends to on india the client a message requesting a client ID (user name) and password. After performing step S 29 , the system proceeds to step S 30 . At step S 30 , the homework sheets for 2nd grade, server receives and verifies the ID and password. After performing step S 30 , the system proceeds to step S 31 . At step S 31 , the server sends to on the kite loyalty the client a list of this client's suspended searches and requests that the client make a selection.
After performing step S 31 , the system proceeds to step S 32 . At step S 32 , the homework sheets for 2nd grade, server receives the essay kite runner loyalty, selection from the client. After performing step S 32 , the system proceeds to step S 33 . At step S 33 , the server fills the empty resume outline form with selected search criteria for the suspended search which was selected for execution. After performing step S 33 , the system proceeds to homework for 2nd grade step S 35 . At step S 34 , the server prepares an empty resume outline form. After performing step S 34 , the system proceeds to step S 35 . At step S 35 , the server sends an outline form to the client and requests that the client return the form with desired search criteria. After performing step S 35 , the system proceeds to step S 36 . At step S 36 , the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S 36 , the server proceeds to step S 37 . At step S 37 , a determination is made as to whether the of my dream, client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to homework for 2nd step S 45 ; if not, the COM 120, system proceeds to step S 38 . At step S 38 , a determination is made as to whether the client requested suspension of the grade, search. If so, the system proceeds to step S 46 ; if not, the modernism, system proceeds to step S 39 . At step S 39 , the server searches the database of homework sheets grade, existing resume outline information.
After performing step S 39 , the system proceeds to step S 40 . At step S 40 , the on american modernism, server summarizes compliant resume outlines, sends the summarized outlines to the client, and requests desired action. For example, the desired action can be a request that the employer select whether to modify the homework sheets for 2nd, search, or to view a entire (not summarized) outline satisfying the search parameters. After performing step S 40 , the system proceeds to step S 41 . At step S 41 , the server receives the response from the ruining society, client. After performing step S 41 , the system proceeds to step S 42 . At step S 42 , a determination is made as to for 2nd whether the client chose to modify the COM 120, search criteria. Homework Sheets? If so, the essay on the kite loyalty, system proceeds to sheets for 2nd step S 35 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 43 . At step S 43 , a determination is made as to whether the client chose to on the runner view an entire outline. If so, the system proceeds to step S 44 ; if not, the system proceeds to sheets grade step S 40 . At step S 44 , the COM 120, server sends to the client a list of available resume outline delivery methods, and request selection by the client. For 2nd Grade? After performing step S 44 , the system proceeds to step S 49 . At step S 45 , requested vocabulary assistance is added to the resume outline form. Dbq Essay British? After performing step S 45 , the system proceeds to step S 35 . At step S 46 , the homework for 2nd, server sends to the client a request for british client ID (user name) and password. After performing step S 46 , the system proceeds to step S 47 . At step S 47 , the server receives and verifies the homework sheets for 2nd, client ID and password. After performing step S 47 , the system proceeds to step S 48 . At step S 48 , the server stores the COM 120, search criteria.
After performing step S 48 , the system proceeds to step S 2 . At step S 49 , the sheets for 2nd grade, server receives the response from the client. After performing step S 49 , the system proceeds to step S 50 . At step S 50 , the server sends a complete resume outline to the client. Technology Ruining Essay? By “complete resume outline”, what is homework, meant is non-summarized information, in a format such as is critical modernism, shown in sheets FIG. 3 , except with contact information suppressed. Essays On American? After performing step S 50 , the homework sheets for 2nd grade, system proceeds to step S 51 . At step S 51 , a determination is made as to technology society whether the client chose to purchase the resume image associated with the resume outline that matched the search criteria. If so, the sheets grade, system proceeds to step S 52 ; if not, the cloning, system proceeds to step S 40 . At step S 52 , the server sends to the client a message asking if the homework sheets for 2nd, employer has an existing account. After performing step S 52 , the system proceeds to step S 53 . At step S 53 , the essay on the kite, server receives the response from the client. After performing step S 53 , the homework, system proceeds to step S 54 . At step S 54 , a determination is made as to whether the client indicated that employer does have an existing account. If so, the system proceeds to step S 55 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 61 . At step S 55 , the server sends to the client a request for account ID and british password.
After performing step S 55 , the system proceeds to step S 56 . At step S 56 , the server receives and verifies the response. After performing step S 56 , the system proceeds to step S 57 . At step S 57 , the server sends to the client a list of available resume image delivery methods, and homework for 2nd grade requests selection of one of those methods. After performing step S 57 , the COM 120, system proceeds to step S 58 . At step S 58 , the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S 58 , the system proceeds to grade step S 59 . At step S 59 , the server retrieves the resume image from the COM 120, database. After performing step S 59 , the system proceeds to step S 60 . At step S 60 , the server delivers the for 2nd grade, resume image to the client via the method selected by essay on the kite loyalty the employer. After performing step S 60 , the sheets for 2nd grade, system proceeds to step S 40 . At step S 61 , the server sends to the client a request for a credit card or other billing information. After performing step S 61 , the system proceeds to step S 62 . At step S 62 , the ruining, server receives the homework, response from the client. After performing step S 62 , the system proceeds to step S 63 . At step S 63 , a determination is made as to whether the client's billing information can be confirmed by a bank or other appropriate financial institution. If so, the system proceeds to step S 57 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 52 . At step S 64 , a determination is made as to whether there has been inactivity for too long of a time.
If so, the system proceeds to step S 65 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 2 . At step S 65 , any searches that are in progress are suspended, and short essay on india of my dream the connection is homework sheets grade, terminated with respect to critical this client. In compliance with the statute, the invention has been described in homework sheets for 2nd language more or less specific as to structural and methodical features. It is to be understood, however, that the invention is not limited to imperialism the specific features shown and described, since the means herein disclosed comprise preferred forms of putting the invention into effect. The invention is, therefore, claimed in any of its forms or modifications within the proper scope of the appended claims appropriately interpreted in accordance with the doctrine of equivalents.
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10 Free Business Plan Templates for sheets for 2nd grade Startups. Essays Modernism? Business plans can seem daunting to someone who has never written one. The business idea itself might be fairly simple to explain, but if you want to apply for a loan, raise investor capital, or simply have a solid, documented direction for your company, you#39;re going to need to write a business plan. Luckily for sheets for 2nd grade entrepreneurs, there are templates out COM 120, there that allow you to plug in all of the information, instead of struggling with formatting and figuring out what you need to include. Grade? There are web-based business plan tools, but you may find it easier to use Microsoft Word and british PDF-based templates. Here are 10 free templates you can download and use to create your first business plan. Homework Sheets For 2nd Grade? [See Related Story: The Dos and short of my Don#39;ts of Writing a Great Business Plan] Bplans.com, known as the homework for 2nd authority on business plans, offers a free Word business plan template, complete with instructions and dbq essay a table of contents. It also offers standard business plan sections such as executive summary, company summary, products and services, market analysis, strategy, management summary, and financial planning. Once you register, you will be able to download the materials and choose from a wide range of businesses in different industries in homework sheets for 2nd which to base your plan.
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Once you create an account, you complete the cover page by filling in your company name, owner name and critical essays contact information, and then upload your logo. Sheets For 2nd Grade? There are six business plan sections to choose from (Executive Summary, Company Description, Market Research, Product/Service Line, Marketing and Sales, Financial Projections), and on the runner loyalty you can save and work on your file anytime you want. The $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan. Looking for a no-fuss business plan template that gets straight to the point? The $100 Startup, a New York Times and Wall Street Journal best seller, offers the One-Page Business Plan, a simple form that asks several questions you can quickly answer to get up and running. This free business plan template covers everything from your business overview to finances, marketing, goals and challenges. Other resources that The $100 Startup offers include a one-page consulting business plan, one-page marketing plan, product launch guide and more. Additional reporting by Sara Angeles and homework for 2nd Marci Martin. Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for COM 120 information to help you with business plan services, use the questionnaire below to sheets grade have our sister site provide you with information from a variety of vendors for free. Jennifer Post graduated from COM 120 Rowan University in 2012 with a Bachelor#39;s Degree in Journalism. Having worked in homework sheets for 2nd the food industry, print and online journalism, and marketing, she is now a freelance contributor for Business News Daily.
When she#39;s not working, you will find her exploring her current town of Cape May, NJ or binge watching Pretty Little Liars for the 700th time.
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essay god Read the topic and sheets for 2nd grade sample essay, then study the comments. Click on the highlighted text for comments about academic writing conventions; click on the notes in the margin for commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and essays on american modernism too self-centred to have children. And this is particularly true of women. To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. Homework For 2nd Grade! Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and essay runner that societies should try to reduce their populations. Nowadays, however, the concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is needed to encourage people to have more children.
But what are the sheets grade, causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and critical essays on american lifestyles of young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash. My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful. The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world.
To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per sheets female, but in 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Japan now has a birthrate of only COM 120, about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is a net population decline. This ageing of the for 2nd, population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of COM 120 pension, health care and other social services. Sheets Grade! Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and cloning essay economic decline in the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the causes of this trend and what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on young people and their supposedly self-centred values. It is argued that in homework sheets for 2nd developed societies, we now live in a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on the values of self-realisation and the satisfaction of personal preferences, at the expense of traditional values like raising a family.
A strong version of this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and dbq essay british are employed, but remain unmarried and continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in homework for 2nd their own pleasure - mainly in the form of shopping. According to Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for of my dream, the young to remain at sheets, home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is COM 120, that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). As an example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of homework sheets 2.33 children in their lifetime.
Findings like this suggest that the values of the young are not at all incompatible with the idea of having a family. It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to be parents. Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the changed role and status of women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to critical essays on american modernism, this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive.
Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of threatening population stability. But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the lowest TFRs in Europe are found in Spain and Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to homework grade, women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in 1996) - even though it is cloning essay, still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the feminist paradox and concludes that empowerment of women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for women to low birth rates is homework grade, that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels. In a recent survey of Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is short essay of my dream, now converging towards that of tertiary educated women.
We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of what#039;s said about their values, still express a desire to have children. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and career opportunities for women does not seem to sheets for 2nd grade, be the decisive factor in reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved. Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the economic condition of young people and their growing sense of insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in short on india of my dream his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. One type of thinking is homework sheets grade, what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an assessment of the relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to help the family.
In developed societies, however, children now constitute an short on india of my dream, economic cost, and so, it is argued, the homework grade, benefits are more of a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on technology ruining society, the family name etc. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of sheets grade decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate. According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in essay order to avert risk. McDonald points to a rise in sheets economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. Critical Essays On American Modernism! There is sheets grade, a strong economic cycle of booms and busts. Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on essay kite loyalty, increased economic uncertainty for men.
Referring to the situation in homework for 2nd grade Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to form families in terms of on american modernism perceived costs and risks: Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per cent of men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of homework for 2nd grade men in this age group were in full-time work. Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of marital breakdown or the long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in Japan, responding to COM 120, Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of for 2nd grade young Japanese to COM 120, leave home and start families is homework sheets grade, not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Genda (2000) notes that it is the critical essays modernism, young who have had to homework sheets grade, bear the brunt of the critical essays modernism, decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young.
Young people around the world seem to have an increasing perception of homework economic uncertainty and critical essays on american modernism contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over their lifetime. According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of homework grade respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for imperialism, their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in homework sheets Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about essay, their future. Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to have fewer babies, then the sheets for 2nd, key to COM 120, reversing this trend is for governments to take action to remove this sense of insecurity. A number of policy approaches have been suggested. Homework Sheets For 2nd! Some writers have focussed on the need for better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998). Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the young (McDonald, 2000b). Short Essay! It is hard to know what remedies are needed.
What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to do otherwise. Castigating the homework for 2nd grade, young will not have the effect of making them willing parents; instead it is likely to just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. Essays! (2000). Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times. 7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003).
Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Below-replacement fertility in sheets grade the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of society essay Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101. Genda, Y. (2000).
A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. Homework Sheets For 2nd! 47-56. Ichimura, S. and N. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the essay on india of my dream, challenge of an homework sheets for 2nd grade, aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. (2000a). Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses.
People and Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. Dream! (2000b). Homework Sheets! The toolbox of public policies to impact on fertility - a global view. Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003). Student debt: A HECS on fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. Critical Essays Modernism! (2000). Sociology: Exploring the architecture of everyday life.
California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is homework grade, asking students to do - in this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in essays on american the topic. Homework Grade! What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over and thinking about an essay topic before you start your planning and reading for it. As part of this thinking, you should give some thought to critical essays on american modernism, what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in sheets grade the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an argument cloning essay, essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii).
In the last part of the introduction, the student introduces his argument. Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in grade the introduction it is always a good idea to state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen. This is presented as background information. Notice how the student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world) and on india then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia). Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in paragraph 2, the student reminds the reader what the for 2nd grade, main issue is essay on the runner, - why birthrates have declined?
Notice also that the student has seen the issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about sheets for 2nd, it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to COM 120, blame for homework sheets for 2nd grade, declining birthrates. Notice how in the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way. Dbq Essay British! In the sheets, second part, the student focuses on the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view. Hint: always try to find opportunities in your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the dbq essay british imperialism, student provides a critique of homework sheets grade these ideas. (Recall the student#039;s argument in the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful). Notice too that the critical on american, student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the work of McDonald. Hint: it is quite OK to criticise the ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this. But if you are going to be critical, you need to provide good reasons for your critique.
Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and then went on to single out women. In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in some logical sequence. In this paragraph the student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is that . ). Hint: the providing of a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in your work.
Recall the second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to for 2nd, be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The student now elaborates on this part of the argument. Hint: remember that the argument is the key to any essay you write. In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey. Hint: it is important to have an argument in your essay.
But it is equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. COM 120! Your essays will be judged mainly on homework for 2nd, your ability to do these two things. There are a number of on the kite things happening in homework sheets for 2nd grade the conclusion. In the first sentence, the student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the problem. COM 120! In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Sheets! Notice also how the student mentions the negative implications of the blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only british, restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of sheets for 2nd your argument - but you should do this briefly. Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on from this. You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Essay On India Dream! Its paragraph structure can be set out thus:
Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to map out a structure for your essay. Grade! Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is free of COM 120 spelling, typographical and sheets for 2nd grade grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Always print out and edit from a hard copy. Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Notice that the sample essay refers to short on india of my, a total of homework sheets grade nine texts. This is a good number, and indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to include a reference to most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of references.
Of course, all references have to be relevant to your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is. And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in their written work. But in fact they can often be found in academic writing. In general, the best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument.
But if you are concerned that it is not OK to short essay on india of my dream, use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is not the words you use to for 2nd grade, present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to COM 120, indicate the source of the ideas you have used in your essay. Homework Sheets For 2nd! Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the essay, author-date system has been used. (Always check which system is required in each of homework for 2nd your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and short on india of my dream Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of ways. One method is to present some information and then provide the citation immediately after it to for 2nd, indicate the british, source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg:
Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and sheets for 2nd Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is dbq essay british, dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in Ashby#039;s text. Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in their original form, this is not always possible. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the ideas of grade a writer, you need to use reporting expressions like the ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to Yamada.
You use these to COM 120, distance yourself from homework sheets for 2nd grade, certain language. eg. when you are using an informal expression, or a term used by others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to critical essays modernism, reject the homework sheets, view in critical the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for the declining birthrate. Notice how he does this in a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the homework for 2nd, way you express your claims is a distinctive feature of academic style. When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the exact page number in the citation. Sometimes you may need to change the wording of the dbq essay, quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to homework, delete words, use . Argument Cloning! (Whilst it is OK to sheets, change the wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in COM 120 a quote, you need to for 2nd, indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly. Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses.
Notice how in essays on american modernism some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . Homework! discusses some of the things etc. This is known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. British Imperialism! Notice the use of homework sheets for 2nd grade reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. Critical On American Modernism! Use italics for for 2nd, the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of british Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . Sheets Grade! what McDonald calls.
. McDonald points to . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins. In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion. Notice how the critical essays, student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the main text. Notice how these are indented and are in a slightly smaller font. Again you should indicate the page number. You only have to provide a separate list of references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order.
Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. (date). Title. Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for homework sheets grade, students to refer to sources from the world wide web in their essays. In addition to providing author and title of site, you need to critical essays modernism, include: the URL for sheets for 2nd grade, the site when you accessed the site. Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around. Check all sites carefully to on the kite loyalty, be sure the information provided has credibility (.edu and for 2nd grade .org sites are generally the dbq essay imperialism, more reliable). Problems? Questions? Comments?
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