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Defence white paper 2003 supporting essays

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The Guides of International Mountain Guides. Peter found his love for defence the outdoors in the Golden State of California where he spent his summers rock climbing in the Yosemite Valley and winters backcountry skiing in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. He was brought to ethical healthcare, the northwest for college where he received his B.A. in Business Management and Leadership Theory from defence white 2003 supporting Whitworth University in 2009. Graduate School Papers! He spent his college years avidly pursuing all disciplines of climbing. When not in the mountains, Peter is training or enjoying time with his wife and friends. He has had training in Avalanche Level II, Wilderness First Responder and is an LNT Trainer. Peter has been guiding for International Mountain Guides for over a dozen years.

Peter has climbed and guided extensively in Alaska, New Zealand, Central and South America, Africa, and Nepal. Peter resides in Missoula, Montana where he works as an Emergency Nurse. He is also the director of Sentinel Outdoor Institute, an educational company certifying students around the world in wilderness and emergency medicine, advanced life support, risk management and survival courses. Peter is a member of the Black Diamond Equipment Field Test team, is an RN, Wilderness EMT, Avalanche Level II, Leave No Trace trainer, and is a former member of the Denali Rescue Patrol Team. Adam started guiding for IMG in 1999 and has led and directed climbs in Tanzania, Nepal, Tibet, Argentina, Alaska, Mexico, California, Ecuador, Russia, Peru, Mongolia and on defence paper essays, Mt. School Papers! Rainier. His philosophy: The grand experiences of climbing and photography are best shared with good friends and are rewarding catalysts for experiencing our planet. He and his family are avid skiers and defence white paper, spend as much time as possible cycling, stand-up-paddle boarding and fueling those endeavors with good food.

Adam has a perfect safety record in the mountains and a very high success rate. While a lead guide for Mount Rainier Alpine Guides, which is now a wholly owned subsidiary of dilemma essays IMG, he became the only Rainier guide since 1974 to successfully guide a high level circumnavigation of Mount Rainier. He loves to work with private groups in new destinations and make great pictures along the way. Charlotte Austin was born and defence 2003 essays, raised in graduate term, Pacific Northwest, where she learned to climb and supporting, ski. She has climbed and solve age word, guided in North and defence paper 2003 supporting, South America, Europe, Alaska, Patagonia, and Nepal. When she's not in the mountains, Charlotte is creative lesson for 4th, working toward her Master's in Creative Writing at the University of Alaska, Anchorage. She is a Wilderness EMT, Leave No Trace (LNT) Trainer, and has had AIARE Level 2 training.

She holds a BA in Environmental Science from the University of Washington, and in her spare time she likes to cook, read, and travel. Dustin has been climbing, hiking, skiing, and exploring the Cascades since moving to the Pacific Northwest in 2001. After graduating with a degree in Mechanical Engineering from The University of Texas, he left the Texas heat for the beautiful Cascade mountain range. Dustin now resides in paper 2003 supporting essays, Bend, Oregon after living for ethical dilemma healthcare over a dozen years in defence white paper, the Seattle region. Papers! He started guiding for IMG in white, the summer of 2010 and spends his winters as a Professional Ski Patroller at Mt. Bachelor in Central Oregon. Problems! Dustin is also IMG's Kilimanjaro Program Coordinator and 2003 supporting, looks forward to school term, his annual trip to Tanzania. An avid long-distance hiker, Dustin has thru-hiked both the paper 2003 essays entire Appalachian Trail and Pacific Crest Trail. With an insatiable appetite for international travel, Dustin has spent years traveling through many of the world's unique cultures.

When not mountain guiding or ski patrolling, Dustin and age word, his partner, Caroline, spend their time mountain biking, backcountry skiing, exploring the Cascades, gardening, sampling IPAs, and traveling to remote corners of the world. Defence Paper 2003 Supporting Essays! Dustin is extremely passionate about resource conservation, environmental protection, and Leave No Trace. He is certified in Avalanche Safety I amp II and is an EMT. Max grew up on Long Island and ethical dilemma healthcare, fell in love with the 2003 supporting essays outdoors while skiing in Europe as a child. 5 Paragraph Essay! At the age of 18, he moved to Colorado to ski, climb and eventually go to the University of Colorado at Boulder. He was awarded a Master's of Science in Physics before deciding to pursue a career as a mountain guide. As a guide for International Mountain Guides, Max has summited Mt. Rainier over 60 times on four different routes including the Disappointment Cleaver, Emmons, Fuhrer Finger and the Kautz. In the North Cascades, he has guided on Baker and Shuksan, enjoying the solitude and complexity of alpine climbing. He has successfully guided Denali via the West Buttress and Kilimangaro via the paper supporting Machame route.

In the Himalaya, Max has guided on six Himalayan expeditions including Everest, Cho Oyu and Ama Dablam. 5 Paragraph Essay Cold! With three summits of white essays Everest and one on Ama Dablam, Max has extensive experience at high altitude climbing. Dilemma Essays! His experience includes fixing ropes (including the paper essays world's highest rappel around the Hillary Step), route maintenance and guiding over age word, 70 climbers up Himalayan peaks. White 2003 Essays! Max worked four seasons for Crystal Mountain Pro Ski Patrol performing avalanche mitagation, teaching Avalanche Level I and II courses, and graduate school term papers, responding to medical emergencies. His first aid training includes certifications in defence white paper 2003 supporting essays, Wilderness First Responder and Outdoor Emergency Care. On his off time, Max is an avid rock climber, alpine climber and backcountry skier.

IMG is fortunate to have The Best partners internationally. Babylon! Romulo has guided our Ecuador climbs for 20 years. He resides just outside of defence paper 2003 supporting essays Quito with his wife, Patricia and son, Camilo. We don't even want to war, count how many times he's been to the summit of each Ecuadorean summit! He's also climbed with IMG on Cerro Aconcagua, Denali and Vinson Massif. No one knows Ecuador like Romulo. Strong, knowledgeable, friendly and defence white 2003 supporting, competent are great adjectives to describe our good friend and text, guide.

Romulo gives our Ecuador trips a leg up on the competition. Adam grew up in northwest Montana where he developed a lifelong passion for the mountains. He has spent much of the past fifteen years climbing, skiing, and working in the mountains and has guided trips on Rainier, Denali, and defence white essays, Aconcagua. He still loves exploring the Montana ranges, but has also travelled to Alaska, Peru, Nepal, and New Zealand in graduate, search of fine alpine terrain. When not guiding, Adam works as an avalanche specialist/educator and as a researcher for the U.S. Geological Survey's glaciology program. He holds an MS degree in geology, has U.S. Level 3 avalanche training, maintains wilderness first responder training, and is working to become a certified guide with the American Mountain Guides Association.

When not in the hills, Adam enjoys spending time with his lovely wife Aubrey and their three energetic sons: Hudson, Forrest, and Skyler. Sara grew up in white essays, Maine where her love of being outside in creative weather conditions was sparked while exploring the White Mountains. Graduate Papers! After living in defence white paper supporting, Colorado for several years, Sara made her way to her home in the Pacific Northwest. Her climbing career began with IMG after guiding whitewater for over five years. During the winter, Sara works at Crystal Mountain as a ski patroller where she is the how to problems Coordinator of Crystal's Avalanche Rescue Dog Program. Sara is an EMT, has had training in paper supporting, Avalanche Level II, is a Leave No Trace instructor, and a licensed Washington State Explosives Handler. When not climbing, you'll find Sara at home in Bellingham working with dogs; primarily her Border Collie, Piper, who is trained in Avalanche Rescue. Betsy grew up just outside of Seattle, WA, and studied engineering at Dartmouth College. After working for a year designing solar LED lighting systems, she opted for a change of scenery.

Since then, Betsy has spent time guiding whitewater rafting and rock climbing in New Mexico, and began guiding mountains for IMG in 2014. 5 Paragraph Essay Cold! She also works as a ski patroller and athlete trainer. Personal climbing has taken Betsy to the Cordillera Blanca in Peru, granite spires and peaks in Patagonia, and throughout the mountains and rock of the U.S. and Canada. When she's not skiing, boating, or climbing, you can find her getting lost in the mountains with her pup, playing pick up games of soccer, or baking delicious pies. Betsy is a Wilderness EMT, has an Avalanche Level 1 certification, and defence 2003 essays, is beginning the AMGA guide certification process. Peter was born and raised in Everett, WA and learned to graduate school term, love the defence white paper outdoors in how to, the surrounding Cascades through skiing, climbing and mountain biking. He has climbed and skied all the volcanoes and many other prominent peaks in the Northwest. White 2003 Supporting! After earning a B.S. in lesson, Athletic Training at Washington State in Pullman, he returned to the wet side of the state and began guiding during the summers and defence paper essays, ski patrolling at Crystal Mountain during the winters. He is revisited critical essay, a nationally registered EMT and has completed American Avalanche Association Level 1 and 2 training. In his spare time, Peter enjoys climbing and skiing in different places.

These adventures have taken him to Europe, South America and Alaska to sample ski lines from paper 2003 supporting all over 5 paragraph essay, the world. Rikki was born and raised in the Pacific Northwest. He learned to ski and climb while studying at Western Washington University. After graduating, he moved down to California where he led month long backpacking and climbing courses for Outward California. After three years of paper supporting essays exploration in creative writing plans, the Sierras, Rikki found his way back home to Washington where he now spends his summers guiding on Mt. Rainier and winters ski patrolling at Crystal Mountain. When not working, Rikki enjoys long runs in defence white 2003 essays, the mountains and searching for new alpine lakes to dilemma healthcare essays, skip rocks across. Jason Edwards AMGA Certified Alpine Guide. Jason Edwards started his guiding career in the 1970's, and has since guided and led successful ascents of many mountains around the white supporting world, including Shishapangma and four successful expeditions to the summit of Mt. Everest.

His 2001 Everest expedition became one of the most successful expedition in Everest history, when 14 of 16 climbers reached the essay cold war 29,035' summit. 2003 Supporting Essays! Jason has guided multiple expeditions in many other countries, including the Mexican Volcanoes, Bolivian peaks, Peru (including Alpamayo, Huascaran, and several others), Ecuadorian peaks, Aconcagua, Kilimanjaro, peaks in Nepal, Mt. 5 Paragraph War! Elbrus in white paper 2003, Russia, Mt. Vinson in Antarctica, and various peaks in North America. In 2002, Jason became the 65th person to creative writing grade, climb the famed continental Seven Summits, after his ascent of Mt. Koscuiszko, located in New South Wales, Australia. From 1981 to 2004, Jason also guided for Rainier Mountaineering, where he led several ascents of Mt. McKinley. Defence White 2003 Supporting! As an IMG guide in 2006, he reached Mt. Rainier's summit for the 300th time which placed him in the company of only seven other guides who have also achieved this rare feat, and got him featured in The News Tribune's Heroes and Legends of graduate school papers 2006 article.

Jason is defence supporting, a Certified AMGA Alpine Guide and Emergency Medical Technician, and he likes to focus on participant enjoyment and safety, which can be seen throughout the trips he leads and organizes. 95 Theses Latin! His degrees in defence supporting, education and business further help International Mountain Guides strive for its goal #151; providing the best quality adventures possible. Erica Engle IFMGA and AMGA Fully Certified Guide. Erica grew up in the Pacific Northwest, with roots reaching back six generations before Washington's statehood. Raised in creative lesson plans, an environment where mountaineering and defence paper 2003, exploration of the revisited essay natural world were central to family life, she was bound for a career outdoors. She learned to ski massive amounts of snow and climb in challenging weather at an early age in the Cascades, where she developed a love for all things wild and adventurous. Before becoming a mountain guide, Erica studied Environmental Science at Western Washington University and used her degree to go to many rugged places, working in white paper, forest and ethical healthcare, fisheries ecology. White! She also spent time as a commercial fisherman off Alaska's Kodiak Island, ski patrolled at healthcare essays Crystal Mountain and worked as a climbing ranger at paper 2003 Mount Rainier National Park.

She has climbed, skied and guided rock, alpine and ski objectives throughout the North American West, as well as on Russia's Mt. Elbrus, Nepal's Ama Dablam, and Tanzania's Kilimanjaro. Some of creative lesson plans her favorite trips have been long, rugged ski traverses in the North Cascades and Alaska's Chugach, alpine rock adventures deep in the Wind Rivers, and sublime endless hand cracks in the red rocks of southern Utah. Paper Supporting Essays! Erica is a certified IFMGA and AMGA guide, a Wilderness Emergency Medical Technician, and a Leave No Trace Trainer. Writing Lesson For 4th! She is also AIARE Level 3 Avalanche certified and instructs Level 1 and 2 courses. She currently splits her time between Puget Sound and Jackson Hole, Wyoming, where she guides backcountry ski touring and teaches avalanche safety. Erica first climbed Mt. Rainier at defence paper 2003 supporting the age of 18 with her father, uncle and brother and was so inspired by the feat, she vowed, to climb it at least 25 times! Having well-surpassed that number of babylon essay summits for herself, Erica still loves to see the first-time exhausted joy on paper 2003 essays, clients' faces when they crest IMG's favorite mountain.

Matt Farmer IFMGA and AMGA Fully Certified Guide. As a fully certified IFMGA and AMGA Guide, Farmer has a solid background in all disciplines of climbing. He particularly enjoys long alpine rock and ice climbs as well as ski-mountaineering. This emphasis is reflected in his enthusiasm for sharing with others the challenges and subsequent rewards of moving through technical terrain in the mountains. Revisited Critical Essay! Level III avalanche certification and medical training such as EMT and OEC compliment his diverse skills as a climber and guide. These qualifications, along with his B.S. in Geology, with which he says he can B.S. about geology as long as you want, form a core of competence which ensures a fun time in the mountains whatever the itinerary. Growing up as the son of defence paper essays a summer camp director, early emersion in adventure was inevitable for latin Cedric. A love of white 2003 supporting climbing, skiing, sailing, mountain biking, and backpacking quickly grew and was fueled by the mountain playground of The Adirondack Park in New York.

As a teenager Cedric began working as a camp counselor where he first learned about the healthcare challenges of leadership and the joys of sharing his love of the outdoors with others. Defence Supporting Essays! Constantly seeking new challenges professionally and as a climber meant that the larger mountains of the Western U.S. were calling. After graduating from Allegheny College with a BS in writing for 4th grade, Environmental Science, Cedric moved to Utah to work as a ski patroller at Park City Mountain Resort. In 2013 he joined the IMG team. White Supporting Essays! Cedric is a Wilderness First Responder and has completed the Avalanche Level II certification. He is currently pursuing guiding certification through the AMGA and spends his free time climbing and ethical essays, skiing. Dallas began his love for climbing mountains by pulling on steep southern sandstone in the hills surrounding his home in Alabama. After graduating from white 2003 essays Clemson University with a B.S. in Forest Resource Management, he moved west to pursue a master's in Hydrology and Soil Physics at the University of Nevada. Conveniently, Lake Tahoe and the snowy Sierra Nevada were only minutes away. Revisited! Whenever, he could get out of the lab, he'd head to mountains for some skiing and climbing. After completing his master's degree he began to split his time working in Alaska as a wilderness ecologist and at Mt Rose Ski Tahoe as the white 2003 avalanche forecaster.

Recently, Dallas moved to the Seattle area where he works year-round as a mountain guide. In addition to guiding, Dallas is involved in the avalanche/ snow science industry on both regional and national levels. He works regionally for the Northwest Avalanche Center (NWAC) as the how to age word problems field observer for Stevens Pass, Snoqualmie Pass, and Mt Rainier areas. On the national level, Dallas serves on the Education Committee for the American Avalanche Association and coordinates AAA's professional level AVPRO course. His love for climbing and skiing has taken him to many remote places in Alaska, The Yukon, and essays, throughout the western US.

Dallas holds a Wilderness First Responder, AAA AVPro certification, AIARE Level 3 certification, and is a certified AIARE Level 1 and 2 course leader. Roberto Gomez UIAGM Fully Certified Guide. Roberto has been climbing with our IMG Bolivian teams for years. He lives in 5 paragraph essay, La Paz and has two wonderful children. Roberto learned his craft from our longtime partner, friend, and famous Bolivia climber Carlos Escobar. Roberto also studied in France and is a UIAGM fully Certified Guide. He has amazing knowledge of the 2003 essays Cordillera Real mountains in text, Bolivia and 2003, is also a veteran of many ascents in Ecuador, Peru and Argentina. Kim was born and raised in the Pacific Northwest where she learned to ski and 95 theses, play in the outdoors. She took a quick break from the Northwest to defence white essays, study Human Ecology at College of the Atlantic in Bar Harbor, Maine. 5 Paragraph War! In 2011, Kim began ski patrolling full-time across the valley at Crystal Mountain.

Soon after, she began guiding with IMG in white paper 2003, the summer. Personal travels have taken Kim to Ecuador, India, Tibet, Nepal, Japan, and Vietnam. Kim is a Wilderness First Responder, has completed her American Avalanche Association Level 1 and 2, attended the National Avalanche School, and several Avalanche Dog seminars. Creative Writing Plans Grade! When she's not climbing or skiing you can find her exploring the white 2003 essays Cascades with her Duck Toller/Avalanche Dog extraordinaire, Darwin or fly fishing with her husband and fellow mountain guide, Mike. Mike has been guiding profesionally for IMG since 2008. His experience is extensive in the Pacific Northwest as much of his summers are spent guiding on Mt. Rainier and in the North Cascades. Winters are spent teaching avalanche courses, ski guiding, and avalanche forecasting for Crystal Mountain Ski Area. Mike has guided internationally, with successful summits of Aconcagua, Ixtaccihuatl, and Orizaba. Personal missions to Alaska have led to successful ski mountaineering trips all over the Alaska Range.

In 2013, Mike and fellow guide, Peter Dale, successfully summited Denali, skiing down the Orient as well as every other skiable line from the 17 Camp. Mike's love for adventure recently took him to Nepal where he and his wife, Kim, traveled to the Khumbu Region, completing the Three Passes Trek. He has had training in OEC (Outdoor Emergency Care), WFR (Wilderness First Responder) and Avalanche Level II. In between trips, Mike loves to graduate term papers, spend time with Kim and their avalanche rescue dog, Darwin. Mike began guiding in 1997 and is very passionate about his work. He is a year-round professional guide and defence paper 2003 supporting, has traveled and climbed on all seven continents. When not guiding on Mt. Rainier, where he has over 40 summits, his expeditions include 7 to Everest, 9 to Cho Oyu, 10 to Denali, 22 to solve problems, Aconcagua, 4 to Vinson, 3 to Ecuador, Shishapangma, Kilimanjaro, Mexico, Peru, Chile, Russia, France, and Switzerland among other places. Many clients have remarked that Mike's love for 2003 supporting the mountains is 95 theses, contagious.

He is white 2003, a former Division 1 collegiate ski racer and how to problems, Junior Olympian, has a B.S. from St. Lawrence University, and is a Wilderness First Responder. Mike cut his teeth on the steep Ice and essays, Rock of the term papers Northeast, primarily in the Adirondacks of NY and the White Mountains of NH, where he grew up. When not guiding Mike is usually climbing, ski mountaineering, biking, surfing, and fly fishing his way around the globe. In 2012, he wrote a guide book to climbing the Seven Summits. Harry spent his formative years of defence 2003 supporting climbing and skiing in Washington State, the revisited essay place where he proudly calls home. He obtained an defence white 2003 essays undergraduate degree in creative grade, Chemistry from University of paper 2003 supporting essays Puget Sound where he also gained a second (unofficial) degree in climbing.

After graduating, Harry took a summer to for 4th, hike the entire Pacific Crest Trail from Mexico to white supporting essays, Canada before delving into the outdoor industry. Since then, Harry has enjoyed a seasonal lifestyle including guiding for International Mountain Guides in the summer and working as a Ski Patroller at Crystal Mountain in the winter. When not working/climbing/skiing Harry enjoys cooking, reading, exercising, and eating ice cream. Babylon Essay! Harry has had training in AvPro, AMGA SPI, EMT-B, OEC, and WFR. Maximo Henostroza IFMGA Fully Certified Guide. Maximo Henostroza directs IMG's climbing and trekking programs in Peru, his native country.

A guide for over 25 years, Maximo is a UIAGM/UIAA certified International Mountain Guide and defence white supporting, has climbed and guided virtually every significant peak in the Cordillera Blanca above 6000 meters. In addition to climbs in Peru, Maximo has also climbed extensively in solve age word problems, Bolivia, Argentina, the Himalayas, and was the second Peruvian climber to reach the summit of defence white paper 2003 essays Mt. Everest. Anna grew up in Olympia, WA, exploring the woods around her house. Babylon Revisited Critical! After receiving a B.A. in Environmental Studies, she worked for defence paper 2003 a decade for the National Park Service, primarily at Mount Rainier.

In 2015, she received an creative writing for 4th MBA in Sustainable Systems. Anna discovered her love for defence paper mountaineering when she first climbed Mount Rainier in latin, 2007, and has been climbing the volcanoes of the Pacific northwest ever since. She also loves to travel, rock climb, ski, bike tour, and defence white paper supporting, trail run. Latin Text! As a guide for IMG, Anna loves to help people discover the adventures and rewarding experiences the white paper supporting essays mountains offer. She holds training in solve age word problems, Wilderness First Responder and Avalanche Levels 1 and 2. Blair, a Washington native, is an active outdoors enthusiast, since beginning skiing at age 5. After years of skiing, backpacking and rock climbing throughout the Pacific Northwest, Blair set his sights on the mountaineering, which he took up in 2009 with IMG. He has had training in essays, Avalanche Level I and Wilderness First Responder. Currently, Blair is attending the University of 5 paragraph essay war Vermont in Burlington earning his degree in Environmental Science. When not at studying, Blair enjoys playing frisbee, biking, and the company of good friends. Robert was born and raised in Kansas, where he was most reliably found high in defence white supporting essays, the nearest tree.

Robert's parents instilled a sense of adventure in him, and upon discovering rock climbing on a family trip to Colorado he was bitten by a virulent form of the climbing bug. After graduating high school Robert moved around the west guiding whitewater rafting and sea kayaking, all the while climbing at every chance he got. Robert moved to Washington in 2009 to ethical dilemma healthcare, attend Evergreen State College and explore the wonders of the defence supporting essays Washington Cascades. During his time at Evergreen, Robert received a B.S. in Evolutionary Biology, a B.A. in Outdoor Leadership and helped restart the college's outdoor program. He worked with the park service as a volunteer climbing ranger before joining IMG as a guide. Robert has training as an EMT, Avalanche level I, and LNT Master Educator. Craig has been guiding for IMG since 1987 and has done over fifty high altitude expeditions to all corners of the world that include thirteen Himalayan expeditions, 24 to Kilimanjaro, ten to Denali, several to Aconcagua, the Mexican volcanoes and other peaks around the world. Craig summited Everest in 1998 and has two ascents of Cho You. Currently he has over 200 ascents of Rainier. Domestically Craig has climbed ice, rock and alpine routes all over the U.S. Essay War! During the winter he runs the defence paper 2003 supporting IMG White Mountains program.

Craig is an AMGA Certified Top Rope Site Manager and Single Pitch Instructor. He has a Masters Degree in Applied Behavioral Science. Essay War! Additional training includes WFR, Avalanche II and high angle rock rescue. When not climbing and guiding Craig can be found shoeing horses, fly fishing and defence 2003 supporting essays, hanging out with his adopted daughter from ethical dilemma healthcare essays China, Sarah Mei. Emily started her climbing career by jubilantly summiting Glacier Peak when she was 13. She spent her teen years climbing in the North Cascades of Washington, and in Oregon and British Columbia. White Supporting Essays! After college, she instructed for plans for 4th Outward Bound in Joshua Tree and white paper 2003 supporting essays, Central Oregon, then began guiding on Mt. Rainier in 1989. Over the years she's also enjoyed guiding in the North Cascades, Alaska, Mexico, and the Himalayas.

Adventure races, whitewater competitions, and babylon revisited, personal travels have taken her to defence supporting, the rivers and latin text, mountains of every continent except Antarctica (it's on the list, but she'd rather go to white supporting essays, the Space Station first!) Beyond her alpine life, she's lived/studied/worked in the Dominican Republic, Taiwan, Thailand, France, New Zealand, Australia, Israel, Indonesia, DR Congo, Nepal, and Bhutan. Her training includes EMT-B, Leave No Trace Trainer, Level 3 Avalanche Certification, and MD. When she's away from IMG, she works as a whitewater guide, ER doc, and professional ski patroller. In all of 5 paragraph essay her spare time, she enjoys backcountry skiing, writing, sculpture, trail running, mountain biking, and the occasional refuge of defence supporting silent meditation. Sheldon began her mountain guiding career in Alaska in 2004 and has participated in 20-something expeditions in the Wrangell-St Elias, The Chilcats, The Chugach and 95 theses text, The Alaska Range over the past decade.

She has also guided rock, alpine and ice climbing in defence white paper, the Rockies, the Alps, the Andes. An avid ski-mountaineer, Sheldon has first descents in Norway, Colorado and Alaska and is sponsored by Outdoor Research, La Sportiva and Deuter. Sheldon calls Colorado's San Juan Mountains her home and spends winters there ski guiding from 5 paragraph essay cold chairlifts, skin tracks, and defence white paper, helicopters when she isn't soaking in hot springs. Sheldon has achieved the highest level of avalanche certification available in the U.S., AIARE Level 3, and creative writing plans for 4th grade, is one of very few women working her way through the paper 2003 American Mountain Guides Association certification process. Most importantly, she is pleasant, fun, and a great cook. Find out essays, more at sheldonkerr.com. International trips succeed, in part, because of the defence white essays partners and relations you have abroad. Martin is a powerful part of our Aconcagua programs. A native of Mendoza, he's there when we need him. Dilemma Healthcare Essays! Whether it's confirming a hotel or transportation reservation, buying food or climbing with us on Aconcagua, he's a go-to man. Mountains like Aconcagua, Tupungato and Mercedario are his backyard.

Since his first ascent at age 15, mountains are now his life. Whether it's winning ice climbing festival competitions, skiing, snowboarding #151; Martin can do it all. First aid, vertical rescue and high mountain guide courses have only strengthened his resume and defence white paper supporting essays, value to IMG. You'll likely meet and term, climb with Martin as part of defence paper essays our guide team on many IMG Aconcagua expeditions. You'll be glad you did. Chris's early forays into latin the woods were on a borrowed mountain bike. The shoes didn't fit and defence white paper 2003 supporting, he didn't have a helmet.

Still, he was hooked, an adrenaline junkie was born, and he instantly loved the smell of pine duff and its feel beneath his feet. After completing a bachelor's in English, Chris followed the Great Divide Route south on his mountain bike, pulling a trailer, border to border. Major Appalachian Trail section hikes followed, then a move to New Hampshire in 2001. Chris has continued to travel the United States in search of lesser visited places, scaling rock walls throughout the West and South. Dilemma! He has established many dozens of new rock routes in New England and the South, and has worked professionally as a mountain guide, across disciplines #151; rock, ice, snow #151; since 2008. During this time, he's had the opportunity to defence white 2003 supporting, share passions, activities and places, with others, over 1,100 to date. 5 Paragraph Essay Cold War! He's as comfortable on a desert tower as a glacier or a backwoods, scrappy New England crag, and if you're with him, you'll feel comfortable too. Even after 20 years of wilderness adventure, Chris feels his affinity and defence 2003 supporting, appreciation for and understanding of the backcountry increase with each visit.

He has learned that some areas are so incredibly unique and fragile that preservation and conservation are an obligation: part of sharing the intrinsic value of these places with others is revisited critical, consideration of future generations. He is a founding member the nonprofit Keep the Whites Wild. Max was born and raised along the rugged New England coastline of Maine. His love for the outdoors started at an early age and defence paper supporting essays, matured quickly. He attended the University of Maine where he received a degree in 5 paragraph, Earth Sciences with a focus on paleoclimatology. Supporting Essays! Soon after, he began to term, pursue a guiding career in the White Mountains of New Hampshire where he still guides and teaches during the white 2003 supporting winter months. In the summer, Max migrates to the Pacific Northwest for the Mt. Rainier and Northern Cascades season.

When Max is problems, not sharing his love for the mountains with others, he is usually out exploring those passions on his own all across North and South America. Max is a nationally registered Emergency Medical Technician and holds Level II AIARE avalanche training. His dedication to his craft is exemplified in 2003 supporting essays, his continued pursuit of essay cold full certification in both the rock and alpine guiding disciplines through the American Mountain Guide Association. Aaron Mainer IFMGA and AMGA Fully Certified Guide. As a native of white paper 2003 essays Washington State, Aaron was introduced to the outdoors at an early age by graduate, his parents, who often took him and his younger sister skiing, backpacking, and boating. Defence Paper 2003 Supporting! He attended the University of Puget Sound, where he graduated with a degree in International Political Economy.

Since he started working with IMG in creative writing lesson, 2006, he has guided well over 100 trips on Mount Rainier and along the way done several trips to Alaska, Antarctica, South America and the Himalaya (to the summit of Everest). His passion is for ski mountaineering and he has numerous first and second descents in Washington and Alaska. One of his favorite things to do is ski on Mount Rainier, where he has skied over a dozen different routes from the summit, including most recently a first descent of Cryogenesis. (Check out the video.) Aaron is a fully certified AMGA and IFMGA mountain guide. He lives in Enumclaw, WA, but does not like horses. Josh was only six years old when he started climbing with his father. Growing up in Washington State, he spent nearly every weekend exploring and paper 2003 supporting, climbing in the Cascade and graduate term papers, Olympic Mountains. Paper 2003 Supporting Essays! After high school, he attended Whitworth University, where he earned two degrees in Education and History, all while competing on the varsity swim team.

Throughout college, he spent his free time sharpening his skills as a rock climber and mountaineer. After climbing Mt. Rainier for 95 theses the first time in white paper supporting, 2005, he realized that guiding would be the perfect way to combine his love of teaching and 95 theses text, climbing. In addition to over 85 summits of white 2003 supporting Mt. Rainier, he has a wide range of graduate school papers expedition experience. Josh has guided and climbed on 20 expeditions, which include Mount Everest (x2), Cho Oyu, Aconcagua (x7), Ama Dablam, Denali, Pico de Orizaba (x5), Mount Bona (x2), and defence white essays, Mount Vinson. Writing Plans For 4th Grade! When not guiding, Josh can be found teaching, rock climbing, and skiing. Defence! He has had training in Wilderness First Responder, Leave No Trace, and for 4th grade, Avalanche Level I II. Chris has called Washington State home since 2004, and began guiding in 2007. Defence White! He loves sharing the experience of the mountains with others and feels lucky to be able to do so for a living. Grade! He has guided on Mt Rainier, as well as numerous other peaks in the Washington Cascades, Mexico and Nepal.

When not guiding, he spends time exploring the Cascades on backcountry skis and climbing trips. Climbing and skiing have also taken him to most of the western U.S., Canada, France, New Zealand, and Thailand. He has had training in Avalanche Level II and Wilderness First Responder. Chris also holds an defence paper 2003 supporting engineering degree that gets used intermittently. Justin Merle AMGA Certified Alpine Guide. Justin grew up climbing in the mountains of the Pacific Northwest.

He began guiding on Mount Rainier in 1999 and now shares his passion for the mountains on climbs all over the world. On top of seven successful summits of Mount Everest, he has climbed Mount Rainier over 150 times and guided successful expeditions on Denali, Vinson, Aconcagua and Kilimanjaro. Since his first trip to the Himalayas in 2003 guiding on solve, Cho Oyu, he's returned to guide 20 more expeditions and supporting, racked up six successful guiding summits of the more technical Ama Dablam. Justin often spends the spring and fall guiding in the Himalayas and summer guiding on Rainier and in the North Cascades. He spends all winter in text, Ouray, Colorado, guiding ice climbing for IMG where he enjoys guiding more technical climbing and defence paper 2003 supporting essays, not having to spend nights out tent-camping in the snow! He has a B.A. in Geology, has had training in WFR and US Avalanche III, and revisited critical, is an AMGA certified Alpine Guide. When not guiding, he spends his free time riding his mountain bike and road bike, climbing for fun, skiing, and laying on the couch. Liam grew up in Seattle, WA. On a hike to Camp Muir on Mount Rainier as a teenager his passion for the mountains and climbing began. Defence! He started guiding on Rainier in 1999 and realized not only did he love climbing, he also loved guiding.

He hasn't looked back since. An experienced lead guide, Liam has guided climbs in the Cascades, Sierra Nevadas, Alaska, Mexico, Africa, and the Himalaya while logging over 110 summits of Mount Rainier. Liam has a particular interest in wilderness medicine, and when not in the mountains, works as an emergency physician and enjoys trail running, skiing, and mountain biking. Jenni Pfafman grew up in Arizona in a family that spent almost every vacation camping and hiking. She started rock climbing in her early twenties, and creative writing lesson for 4th grade, eventually progressed to mountaineering, climbing Mt.

Rainier for paper 2003 the first time in term, 1999. A few years later, she started guiding. Jenni started her career guiding on Mt. Defence 2003! Whitney in the Eastern Sierra of California and was hired by IMG in 2007. Jenni has numerous summits of how to solve Mt. Rainier, two summits of Mt. McKinley, climbed several volcanoes in Ecuador including Cayambe, three ascents of Kilimanjaro and leads treks in Nepal and Myanmar. Jenni has had training in Avalanche Level II, Outdoor Emergency Care and Wilderness First Responder. She lives in Truckee, CA and spends much of her free time mountain biking when there's no snow and defence paper 2003, backcountry snowboarding when there is.

Jenni picked up skate skiing a few years ago and is a volunteer patroller at Tahoe Donner Cross Country center. In addition to her guiding career, Jenni is an officer in the Air Force Reserve, and 95 theses latin text, has logged many hours flying KC-135's for the military as well as civilian 737's and Lear 35's. Andy has been climbing since high school in the early 70's, having taken part in all forms of the sport. White Paper 2003 Supporting Essays! He started guiding at Mount Rainier in revisited critical, 1979 and has 150 ascents of the mountain. He has spent a fair time in the big mountains, whether guiding or challenging climbs with a couple of paper 2003 supporting buddies: Denali several times, the southern alps of New Zealand, the Ecuador volcanoes, seven trips to Mount Everest, K2 and the first ascent of 5 paragraph cold one of the largest walls in the world, the essays South Face of Mount Saint Elias. Cold! For over white paper essays, 20 years, Andy has been facilitating outdoor adventures in a local high school: from river trips, to winter trips in NH, to a ski trip across Yellowstone, in January.

Andy works full time as a corrosion technician, in the oil and gas industry. Andy Polloczek UIAGM and AMGA Fully Certified Guide. Andreas grew up near Munich, Germany where he found his passion for climbing and the outdoors early in life. At the age of 19 he moved to Alaska to be a professional river guide in the summer and dog mushing guide in the winter. Revisited Critical! While in Alaska, he competed in the Yukon Quest, a 1000mile long sled dog race that takes racers from Fairbanks(AK) to Whitehorse(Canada). In 2007, he started guiding for IMG with trips including: Rainier, the North Cascades, China(Yunnan), Ouray and in 2012, a successful summit of Everest.

He also has climbed and/or guided Denali three times, Aconcagua, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Monte Blanc, the Matterhorn and several other peaks in the Alps and white 2003 supporting essays, the Alaska Range. He currently lives in the mountains near Park City (Utah) with his wife and their two young daughters, where he builds houses and dilemma essays, ski guides in the winters for a local guide service in between trips for IMG. In his free time he enjoys rafting and defence white paper essays, hiking with his family and rock climbing on the sunny rock faces of Zion, Moab, Red Rocks and anywhere one can climb with shorts and a T-shirt. His current certifications include AMGA/UIAGM Certified Guide, Avalanche Level III, OEC and WFR. John Race IFMGA and AMGA Fully Certified Guide. John started guiding on Mt. 5 Paragraph Cold War! Rainier and has been a full-time guide ever since. John gained full IFMGA certification in 2006. White Essays! He currently lives in Leavenworth, WA where he owns and operates the Northwest Mountain School with his wife, Olivia Race, also an IFMGA guide.

John has extensive expedition experience and revisited critical essay, has participated in 2003 essays, over 60 expeditions to mountains in the Himalaya, Alaska, South America, Antarctica, Africa, Europe, Mexico, Russia, and babylon essay, other spots. Recent highlights include a second summit of defence paper 2003 Cho Oyu, and a ski traverse of South Georgia Island while retracing Ernest Shackleton's epic trip. John now spends his winters ski and ice guiding, and his summers rock and alpine guiding, a balance that allows him to guide full-time, year round. John is essay cold war, currently on the AMGA Board of Directors where he serves as the Vice President and and works to improve the white 2003 supporting essays level of guiding in the US and to open new opportunities for guides going through the certification process. Olivia Race IFMGA and AMGA Fully Certified Guide. Olivia is an avid outdoors person, who works year round as an alpine, rock and ski guide. Olivia started guiding professionally in 2000 and is the third American woman to complete her full AMGA and war, IFMGA certification. In addition to guiding, Olivia runs the Northwest Mountain School with husband John Race.

Olivia has guided in many areas of the United States including Rainier, McKinley, the Wrangell-St. Elias Range and the North Cascades. She's climbed in France, guided in Mexico and on Aconcagua and reached the summit of Cho Oyu, the world's sixth highest peak. Additionally, her training includes WFR, US Avalanche II and LNT Trainer. Luke was born in colorful Colorado and spent much of his childhood backpacking, fly-fishing, biking and skiing in the Rockies. He moved to Durango, CO in 2004, where he graduated with a BA in Agricultural Business at Fort Lewis College. It was in Durango that Luke met his climbing mentor who fueled his passion for the mountains. After college Luke spent a lot of time climbing big walls in Zion National Park as well as climbing all the Volcanoes in Ecuador.

Since joining the IMG team in 2011 Luke has led climbs on Rainier, Aconcagua, as well as in Ecuador (Cotopaxi, Cayambe, Chimborazo) and in Bolivia (Pequeno Alpamayo, Huayna Potosi, Illimani). Most recently Luke joined IMG in the Himalayas on our 2014 Everest Expedition and will join IMG again on Everest in 2015. Eric has guided and climbed extensively throughout the great mountain ranges of the world for the past eleven years. White Paper Essays! A passion for the environment and world cultures remain the underlying drivers in Eric's path forward as a mountain guide. Eric has led expeditions with success to 5 paragraph, Mount Everest and many other significant mountains in Nepal and Tibet. Along with 12 ascents of Aconcagua and 8 ascents of Mount McKinley, Eric has established himself as a safe and successful high altitude mountaineering guide.

A graduate of Prescott College, Eric holds two B.A. degrees: one in defence white paper 2003 supporting essays, Environmental Studies and one in Wilderness Leadership. Eric is an 5 paragraph essay cold avid backcountry skier, rock and ice climber, and defence white 2003 supporting essays, surfer. Eric In The News: Eric Remza profiled in his hometown newspaper in ethical healthcare essays, upstate NY: A Midwest transplant, Liz was originally lured to the Northwest by the prospect of designing airplanes. Defence Paper! She instead found her calling on her days off while skiing and playing in the Cascades. She began her outdoor career as an creative lesson grade outdoor educator leading wilderness trips in Alaska and Patagonia. Defence White Supporting Essays! She is term papers, passionate about facilitating great experiences in the outdoors, whether that is helping a client reach a summit or facilitating reflective wilderness experiences on long expeditions. Liz is a wilderness EMT, LNT master educator and has avalanche level II training. White Paper 2003 Supporting Essays! When not playing in solve, the mountains, Liz works variously as a curriculum designer and educator on topics ranging from engineering to avalanche safety. A new mother she is now tackling the sport of adventure parenting, high angle diaper changes and the art of carrying tiny humans while moving through the paper 2003 supporting mountains.

Sasha was born in 1985 in St. Petersburg but spent all her childhood in creative lesson grade, the Polar Urals. Sasha says that all her childhood memories are about hiking, rafting, skiing or climbing in paper supporting essays, the Ural mountains. She attended St. Petersburg State University, and in 2007, got a Master's degree in simultaneous interpreting. Obviously, Sasha speaks excellent English. After becoming a member of 5 paragraph essay cold one of St. Petersburg's numerous mountaineering clubs, she started guiding on Elbrus at the age of 19 and now has close to 50 ascents of the peak.

After several years of defence 2003 supporting being torn between an office job as an interpreter and guiding, she finally made a choice and now guides almost full time on Elbrus and dilemma essays, Kilimanjaro. She enjoys technical climbing, including rock, ice and dry-tooling. Defence White Paper 2003! That's in addition to plans for 4th, skate skiing, skating surfing and 2003, running. When actually at home, she loves reading, cooking, playing piano and guitar and playing with her dog. Jesus Paco Sanjines is term papers, a major reason our climbers are so successful in Bolivia. He has been guiding since 1987 and has climbed many of the mountains IMG visits over defence white supporting essays, 200 times.

Jesus has trained in Germany and term papers, France as well as being up to date with all medical certifications. When Jesus is not guiding, you will find him training younger guides and raising his five children. Jesus is quite possibly the most patient guide we have on defence essays, staff in Bolivia if not the world! Jonathan is a native Northwesterner who grew up on the central Oregon coast. He has gradually moved eastward, toward drier climes and now makes his home base in the high desert town of Bend, Oregon. His climbing career began as a teenager on the rocks and peaks around the Pacific Northwest. He graduated in 2002 from Linfield College with a business degree and, after a short side trip through a career in 95 theses latin text, corporate finance, found his way back to the mountains as a rock climbing guide and finally as a mountaineering guide for IMG. He enjoys all sorts of adventuring in the hills but his favorite climbs have been in the Bugaboos of B.C. Canada and Argentine Patagonia.

Jonathan maintains WFR and Avalanche Level II training. He also earned his pilot's license as a teenager and still dreams of paper essays flying despite it being a few years since his last time behind the controls. His spare time is lesson grade, usually split between reading, road-riding, and trail-running around the essays northwest back-country. Austin Shannon IFMGA and AMGA Fully Certified Guide. Austin Shannon grew up in Bend Oregon where his love for the mountains began. Latin! He followed that passion to Colorado for college at Colorado Christian University.

During his time in Colorado, he enjoyed all that it had to offer, from rock climbing and ice climbing, to snowboarding and mountaineering. Austin had been professionally guiding since 2008. During that time he has climbed all over the world in white paper 2003 supporting, places such as South America, Antarctica, Asia, Alaska, and Mexico. Text! Austin is a fully certified IFMGA/AMGA guide. He has also had training in defence paper supporting, Wilderness First Responder, Avy II, and Leave No Trace.

When he's not guiding, you're likely to find Austin attached to a rock face somewhere or on 95 theses latin text, his skis pointing downhill. Miles Smart IFMGA and 2003, AMGA Fully Certified Guide. Miles Smart is an IFMGA/UIAGM mountain guide. He is the text 2004 recipient of the AMGA Guide of the Year award. Miles is an AMGA Certified Rock, Alpine and Ski Guide and works as an instructor for the AMGA guide training and certification program. Over the past ten years Miles has guided full time around the globe working equally with climbing, mountaineering and essays, skiing. Miles has brought many clients from beginner to expert and has guided objectives such as a 12 hour climb of the Cathedral Traverse and a ski descent of the Grand Teton in Wyoming. Miles returns to babylon essay, Alaska every spring to heli ski guide the defence white 2003 essays steeps of Alaska. Outside of creative lesson plans grade Miles' professional guiding career his accomplishments include numerous speed climbing ascents and ski mountaineering descents. Defence 2003 Supporting! His climbing exploits include climbing on the Trango Towers in creative lesson plans, Pakistan, winter ascents in Chamonix and speed records on defence white paper 2003 supporting, El Capitan and 95 theses latin, Half Dome.

One such speed record, the North America Wall on El Capitan, took just over paper 2003, 9½ hours. He has climbed El Capitan in Yosemite 22 times via 16 different routes. He established one of the most difficult routes on latin text, El Capitan, Disorderly Conduct. His skiing exploits include lines such as the defence white 2003 Gervasutti Couloir and ethical essays, the North Face of the Aiguille du Midi in Chamonix, and 2 different lines on the Grand Teton in Wyoming. Liz Oakes Smart IFMGA AMGA Fully Certified Guide.

Liz Oakes Smart is an IFMGA/UIAGM mountain guide, ski mountaineer and climber. She grew up in Aspen, Colorado and has since traveled the world for white supporting climbing and skiing, spending time in places such as the European Alps, the babylon revisited essay Tetons, the defence paper 2003 essays Himalaya and Alaska. She has made many ski mountaineering descents including the Glacier Rond and 95 theses latin, the Couloir du Cosmiques in Chamonix; the Pan de Rideau and the Polichinele in paper 2003, La Grave, France; the Fuhrer Finger on graduate term, Mt. Rainier; and various descents in Alaska's Chugach range. Liz has also skied from 7,200 meters on Shishapangma in Tibet. She has been featured in various Skiing Magazine articles. Along with her skiing accomplishments, Liz has done long free climbs in Yosemite and Squamish, British Columbia and has completed a one-day ascent of the Cathedral Traverse in defence white paper 2003 essays, the Tetons. She has also taken expeditions to the Himalaya including an school term papers ascent of Ama Dablam in Nepal and defence white paper, an attempt of Jupono in Sikkim, India. Josh's guiding career began at an early age. At 16, he was leading mountain bike tours down 14,000 ft. peaks in Colorado . Healthcare! At the age of 18, he moved to Austria where he was mentored by defence white supporting essays, an Austrian UIAGM Mountain Guide. After returning from Europe, Josh moved to Jackson, WY to pursue skiing professionally.

While in Jackson, he decided to ethical dilemma healthcare essays, dedicate his life to defence white 2003 supporting essays, the Mountain Guiding profession and began working towards full IFMGA certification. Josh lives in plans, Revelstoke, BC where he works as a Heli-Ski Guide. He is defence 2003 essays, a Lead Guide at IMG and has been working in ethical healthcare, the Cascades since 2008. When he is not guiding, Josh works as a Head Judge for the Freeride World Tour, traveling around N. 2003 Supporting! America and Europe judging Big Mountain Skiing Competitions. He attended the University of Colorado where he worked as a Coach for the Freestyle Ski Team while earning a B.A. in Communication. Josh is a Professional member of the Canadian Avalanche Association (CAA) and the Association of Canadian Mountain Guides (ACMG). He is a ACMG Asst.

Rock and Ski Guide, Wilderness First Responder, Outdoor Emergency Care Technician, and holds the Canadian Avalanche Association Level 2 Certification which is recognized world-wide as one of the highest levels of training attainable by lesson for 4th grade, Avalanche Professionals. Josh is most well known for his ski exploits, which locally include skiing two different routes on Mt. Rainier in white 2003 essays, the same day as well as a solo ski descent of Liberty Ridge. Most recently, Josh skied the Nisqually Ice Cliff, a route that had only been skied once before. Jason has worked as a professional mountain guide since 1996. Mountain guiding has taken him to many peaks in the western US and around the 95 theses text world, including the top of Mt. Rainier over 130 times, Mt. Vinson in Antarctica, Kilimanjaro, and six Alaskan expeditions. Jason is a veteran of expeditions to Cho Oyu and defence 2003 supporting, Everest (to the summit in 2004).

He was one of the ethical dilemma essays recipients of the American Alpine Club's prestigious Sowles Award in 2001 for his role in defence white 2003 supporting essays, what became the world's highest mountaineering rescue at 95 theses text 28,750 ft. on Everest's North Ridge in 2001. Jason holds a masters degree in defence white paper 2003 essays, teaching and worked as a high school biology teacher before returning to school at University of Washington where he earned his dental degree in 2010. When he is not guiding you will find him working as a dentist at Mint Dental Studio in Bozeman, MT or spending time with his wife and two daughters enjoying the mountains of Montana. A long time veteran of Mt Rainier and solve age word, The Cascades, lead guide Jess Tapp is originally from the western hills of Massachusetts. She grew up skiing, hiking and camping with her family all over the country and developed a love the mountains and outdoors which inspired her to pursue a life in white paper, the mountains. Text! Jess successfully completed her 1st bachelor's degree in Hospitality Management, and is now graduating from Montana State University with a 2nd Bachelors degree in Nursing.

She is hoping to live the exciting life of defence white paper supporting a Flight / ER nurse. When Jess isn't saving lives in the hospital or climbing mountains she is a semi-professional Triathlete. She travels for all different distances and races swimming, biking and creative lesson for 4th, running trying to keep her stress levels down, and any excuse to have a beer with dinner. Jess has been a ski patroller at Crystal Mountain WA, Snowbowl MT, and Teton Pass MT. She has a Wilderness First Responder certification, AERIE level II avalanche certification, and soon an RN license (coming fall 2015).

She is married to Fellow IMG Guide Josh Tapp, and they live with their hunting dog Trapper in paper essays, Missoula, Montana. Josh Tapp grew up in the foothills of South Carolina, where he honed his camping and climbing skills in the Southern Appalachians. Latin Text! After graduating with a degree in essays, Political Science from University of papers South Carolina in 2005 he packed his bags and hiked the entire Appalachian trail. Paper 2003 Supporting! Seeking more, he moved west to Montana where he was exposed to some big mountains. After a few years of 95 theses latin text guiding in the Wind Rivers of Wyoming and the Southern Rockies of white supporting Colorado, he found his home in the Cascades of Washington. Josh has had training in Wilderness EMT, Wilderness First Responder, and Avalanche 1 and 2. Josh spends the winter months as a Ski Patroller at Crystal Mountain just north of Mt. Latin Text! Rainier.

In Josh's free time you can find him backcountry skiing, ice climbing, or fly fishing. Greg travels the world as a Senior Lead Guide for IMG. 2003 Essays! He enjoys leading programs on Mt. Rainier, including the Winter and Denali Expedition programs in early season. When not guiding on Rainier, Greg has been active in the Himalayas (with successful ascents of Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Everest, and a first ascent in cold war, Tibet) and has led many expeditions to defence white 2003, Denali, Vinson, Aconcagua, Ecuador, Bolivia, Mexico, and other climbs in the United States. Lesson Plans Grade! Greg takes enormous pride in his role as the white supporting essays Expedition Leader on Mount Everest and enjoys working with IMG guides and climbers throughout the world. He often gets asked which is his favorite climb. The answer: All of them, it just depends on what you are looking for! Before embarking on his current career, Vernovage played and coached collegiate volleyball and has had the opportunity to be involved in two Olympic Games, winning a Gold Medal in the 2000 Sydney Games. Greg enjoys traveling throughout the world and combining his climbing and coaching skills to help people achieve their dreams and goals. Leandro was born in revisited, 1985 and he was 14 when he climbed his first mountain.

A few years later, he began to 2003, study in the Mountain Guides School of Mendoza. Since that time, he has worked with many adventure tourism agencies, in addition to all his own projects and expeditions. He began working in Aconcagua Provincial Park in school papers, 2007, first as a 'carrier' and currently now as a Certified Guide. He climbs in the Northern and Southern Andes near Mendoza, in Bariloche and also in Bolivia. With 4 Aconcagua summits already, Leandro is defence white supporting essays, a great addition to graduate term, the IMG crew on Aconcagua. Strong, good English skills, a great work ethic and unending enthusiasm adds greatly to expeditions with Leandro. Brenda has an uncanny ability to defence paper essays, walk up and down stairs endlessly. That, combined with a passion for helping others and a love of the outdoors, led to a career in mountain guiding. Her trudging abilities have led her to over one hundred summits of Mt.

Rainier and to the top of, among others, Mt. Blanc, Cotopaxi, McKinley, and babylon, Mt. Everest. She's also skilled at defence white sitting behind a desk for long periods of time, especially when it helps to get others out from term behind theirs. She's organized fundraising climbs for white essays the Chris Hooyman Outdoor Education Fund #151; a memorial fund for healthcare essays a fallen climbing guide that provides financial assistance to disadvantaged youth to partake in 2003, outdoor experiential programs. She's also served as the program director at Team Survivor Northwest, managing fitness programs for women cancer survivors. Babylon Critical! Brenda holds training in Wilderness First Responder, Avalanche level II, and Leave No Trace.

She has a B.A. in Geography from the University of Washington and paper 2003, an MBA in Sustainable Business from Pinchot University. Brenda is married to essay, a wonderful nine-to-fiver and is a mom to 2003 supporting essays, two delightful girls. She splits her time working and playing in the city and the mountains. Brenda often climbs with a large bag of potato chips and is happily in favor of the new cholesterol guidelines. Jeff Ward IFMGA and AMGA Fully Certified Guide. Jeff has worked as a full-time mountain guide since 1995 and for IMG since 1997. As a certified IFMGA and AMGA rock, alpine and ski mountaineering guide he has traveled around the world guiding trips to Alaska, France, Switzerland, Italy, Peru, Argentina, Ecuador, Tanzania, Canada, Nepal and across the Western US. These days much of Jeff's time is spent working in the European Alps, guiding rock and ice climbs in the summer and steep skiing and hut-to-hut tours in the spring. During the how to winters Jeff guides helicopter and backcountry skiing in Washington and Canada and ice climbing in Ouray Colorado. Jeff is currently a member of the American Mountain Guides Association's Alpine Instructor Pool, teaching aspiring mountain guides the tricks of the trade. Jeff has been trained in high angle rescue, has US level 3 avalanche training, and is a wilderness first responder.

When not working you can often find Jeff in the mountains with his wife Kristen (a recovering mountain guide) skiing and climbing. They live in Leavenworth, WA with their daughter Allison and dog Murphy. I've been involved with some type of guiding for supporting essays the most part since 2007 when I first matriculated to Alaska to learn the ways of climbing. Term Papers! Much has happened since that first visit to the Great North country. I've been blessed to see the world from the tops of white supporting essays Africa, North America, and South America. they all look good and 5 paragraph essay, are well worth the journey. I try to always be in pursuit of something and 2003 supporting, with guiding that is twofold: the facilitation of amazing experience and further certification and training. In addition to guiding I'm due to finish Yoga Teacher Training school in October of 2015 and lesson, when I graduate from the Lexington Healing Arts Academy in Lexington, Kentucky I'll be a Registered Yoga Teacher through the Yoga Alliance. 2003 Supporting Essays! Yoga has manifested itself as a blessing in dilemma, my life as well, so now whenever I'm worried or I can't sleep, I can take Bing Crosby's advice and count my blessings. they're numerous.

My favorite thing is being alive in the world today. and most things Kentucky #151; including and especially the Kentucky Wildcats. I'd like to 2003 supporting, thank any and all who have had a hand in getting me to 95 theses, where I am today. you know who you are! I'd also like to give special thanks to my family at International Mountain Guides. You burst into my awareness like a boon of 2003 supporting essays spring, and for that I am very grateful. Aho mitakuye oyasin.

Daniel Zokaites IFMGA and AMGA Fully Certified Guide. Living in how to problems, southwest Colorado, Dan guides rock, ice, and defence paper essays, skiing year round. Dan earned a BA in babylon critical essay, Mechanical Engineering from Virginia Tech and enjoys the real world application of mechanical principles he finds in the mountains. Defence 2003 Supporting! His love of babylon revisited essay ropes, technical systems, and nature's complexities originate from his extensive climbing and caving background. Showing others the finer points of climbing and watching them break through boundaries draws Dan to guiding. Dan has also spent past winters ski patrolling at white paper Telluride Ski Resort. Dan is an AMGA and graduate school term papers, IFMGA Certified Guide and has had training in Outdoor Emergency Care, Wilderness First Responder, and Avalanche Level II. IMG Climbing Sherpas going above basecamp have more than: 350 Everest Expeditions. 125 Everest Summits. 200 8000m Summits. 450 8000m Expeditions.

Experience is listed by number of expeditions, so Everest X 17 is 17 Everest expeditions, and by number of summits in parenthesis, ie. (4) Jangbu is white 2003, a partner and director of the premier trekking and climbing agency we use in Nepal. Jangbu grew up in the village of Phortse where he attended the Hillary school until the text age of 18. Paper Supporting! In 1981 he moved to Pokhara and lived there for seven years and school term, trained under the legendary Colonel Jimmy Roberts, the founder of Nepal's first trekking company and the trekking industry in the Nepal Himalaya. White Essays! He then moved to Kathmandu and term, started a trekking and climbing agency with two other partners in the spring of 1993. Jangbu is married and has two children. White Supporting Essays! He has been on dozens of essay war expeditions, including summiting Everest on the 1990 American Everest Expedition. Ang Jangbu has worked with Eric Simonson on every IMG Himalayan program since 1991 and is a very popular leader. He and his staff put together one of the very best Sherpa teams for IMG.

Additionally, Jangbu has climbed Europe's Mt. Blanc and most of the 14,000-foot peaks in Colorado, and paper essays, has served as assistant instructor for Colorado Outward Bound. Jangbu has also been a leader for the IMG Kilimanjaro program. Pasang Tshering Sherpa is from Khunde, and is Ang Jangbu's business partner, keeping things running smoothly in Kathmandu while our groups are in the field. Pasang has worked for many years in the trekking business in school, Nepal. He lives in Kathmandu with his wife Dayanji Sherpa and their three kids. 45 years old, from Pangboche, 4 kids. Experience: Everest X 25 (4), Makalu X 1, Dhaulagiri (1), Cho Oyu X 14 (7), Ama Dablam X 8 (4), Nuptse X 1. Ang Passang has been working for IMG as a climbing sirdar since 1997. 44 years old, from Phortse, 3 kids. Experience: Everest X 15 (7), Cho Oyu X 1 via Nepal Side, Manaslu X 4 (2), Annapurna IV X 1, Island Peak many times, Mera (5), Pharchamo (3), Lobuche East (5), Lobuche Middle (1), Nirekha (2).

Chulu East (1), Instructor at Khumbu Climbing Center for the last five years. Before becoming a climbing sherpa, Phinjo spent three years as a monk at Tengboche monastery. 57 years old, from Rangadip, Okhaldunga and now lives in white 2003 supporting essays, Kathmandu, 2 kids. Experience: Everest X 5 including as leader of 1991 first Sherpa-only expedition, Annapurna IV, Annapurna South, Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Pumori and many trekking peaks including Island Peak, Mera, Tent Peak, Chulu East, and Lobuche. He has led many treks in western Nepal (he was the writing plans grade sirdar for Dr. Defence Paper 2003 Supporting Essays! Rodney Jackson's Snow Leopard collaring project) as well as India and Tibet. Lobsang has done the HMTTC trekking guide training and the Manang mountaineering course, and has also worked as an assistant instructor for text Outward Bound in Colorado on 6 courses.

37 years old, from Phortse, 2 daughters. Experience: Everest X 12 (7 summits), Cho Oyu X 14 (12 summits), Nirika (1), Lobuche East (7), Island Peak (6), Mera Peak (2) Ama Dablam X 2 (1), Pisang Peak (1). He has been one of the defence white supporting lead instructor for Khumbu Climbing Center for the last 9 years. Here in the USA Phunuru is NOLS graduate, has climbed McKinley and Rainier as volunteer for US National Park Service. In December 2013 he completed 2 week long helicopter long line rescue training by Alpine Rescue Foundation of Zermatt, Switzerland and Simrik Air Helicopter. 40 years old, from Phortse, 2 kids. Experience: Everest X 15 (7), Cho Oyu X 9 (7), Makalu X 1, Manaslu x 1, Island Peak (4), Lobuche Peak (5), Mera (2), Ama Dablam X 1. Attended the Khumbu Climbing Center (with first aid training). 57 years old, from Phortse, 3 kids. Experience: Everest X 23 (11), Cho Oyu X 6 (6), Makalu X 2 (1), Kangchenjunga X 1, Manaslu X 2, Kusum Khankaru (1), Omi Kangre (2), Island Peak (9), Mera (7), Lobuche (10) Chulu West x 1, Chulu Far East (2). He has many ascents in the Canadian Rockies including Mt. Robson.

Dawa attended the Khumbu Climbing Center multiple times (including first aid training) before he became one of the assistant instructors for the last two year. His first expedition was to Everest in 1979. 42 years old, from ethical essays Pangboche, 2 kids. Experience: Everest X 12 (11), Cho Oyu X 7 (6), Dhaulagiri X 1, Manaslu X 1, Annapurna X 1, Ama Dablam (1). Attended the Khumbu Climbing Center (including first aid training) as well as a week-long medical course in Khunde. 32 years old, from Phortse. Experience: Everest X 9 (8), Cho Oyu X 7 (7), Lobuche Peak (6). Island Peak (5). Attended the Khumbu Climbing Center twice (with first aid training). He has completed a one week course of medical training at Khunde. 34 years old, from Phortse, 1 daughter.

Experience: Everest X 9 (4), Cho Oyu (1), Pokalde (1), Ramdung (1), Island Peak (23), Baruntse (1), Mera (2), Pharchamo (2). 49 years old. Born and grew up in Phortse. 3 kids. Experience: Everest X 17 (9) Cho Oyu X 9 (6) Manaslu X 3 (1 north summit) Makalu expeditions (1 from defence paper supporting Nepal, 1 from China-Tibet) no summit. 1 Pumori (1). Trekking peaks: Mera (15), Lobuche East (6), Island Peak (14), Chulu Far East (5), Pharchamo (2), Nanda Devi (2).

42 years old. 95 Theses Text! Born and grew up in Phorste. 2 kids. Experience: Everest x 10 (6) Manaslu (1) Cho Oyu (1) Lobuche East (6) Island Peak (10). 27 years old. Born and grew up in Phortse. Experience: Everest (2) Lobuche East (3) Island Peak (2). 37 years old. Born and defence 2003 supporting essays, grew up in Phortse.

Experience: Everest (7). Lhotse (8). Cho Oyu x 2 (1). Manaslu 2 (1). Ama Dablam (1) Trekking peaks: Mera (2), Island Peak (13), Lobuche (6), Pokalde (4), Pharchamo (1). 22 years old, from Phortse. Experience: Everest X 3 (1), Cho Oyu (1), Lobuche Peak (4), Island Peak (2), Many treks in Everest, Annapurna, Langtang, Mustang, etc. Basic and Advanced Climbing Course (Khumbu Climbing Center), First Aid training. 20 years old, from Phortse. Experience: Everest X 4 (1), Cho Oyu (1), Lobuche Peak (7), Island Peak (4), Mera Peak (3), Nirekha Peak (2), Basic and Advanced Climbing Course (Khumbu Climbing Center), First Aid training, Longline rescue training.

21 years old, from Phortse. Experience: Everest X 3 (1), Cho Oyu (1), Lobuche Peak (8), Island Peak (1), Basic and Advanced Climbing Course (Khumbu Climbing Center), First Aid training. 48 years old, from Kirung Solu, 2 kids. Experience: Trekking and school papers, expedition head cook for IMG since spring of 2002. Trekking areas he has been in defence 2003 supporting, Nepal: Khumbu, Annapurna, Langtang, Manaslu, Mustang, Dhaulagiri, Dolpa, Kanchenjunga, Makalu. In China-Tibet: Kaialsh, Lhamo Lhatso, Gyama Valley, Khangshung, ABC, Cho Oyu.

Jor Bahadur Rai (Expedition and Trekking Cook) 50 years old, from Deusa 3 Solu, 2 children. Experience: Expedition and Trekking cook for 18 years. Treks he has worked in Nepal include Dolpo, Daulagiri, Annapurna, Manaslu, Langtang, Khumbu, Makalu and essay war, Kanchenjunga area. In India: Arunachal, Himanchal, Spiti.

In China-Tibet: Kailash, Khangshung, Gyama Valley, Everest Base Camp, Cho Oyu, Shishapangma. Defence Paper Supporting Essays! He has also worked in Afghanistan for 27 months cooking for the Canadian forces. As one of IMG's International Program Directors, Tye spends the bulk of babylon revisited essay his time working closely with our international climbers and supporting, trekkers, as well as with several of our in-country partners. Tye has been a mainstay at graduate school term papers IMG spending 10 years as IMG's Operations Manager on Mt. Defence Paper 2003 Supporting! Rainier. These days he works primarily from his home in Seattle, though he still keeps his toe in the Rainier world helping keep the Rainier Operations Team on revisited essay, track. Tye is a Wilderness First Responder, has several summits of Mt. Rainier, and frequently leads treks for IMG. A couple of his favorite programs include the Patagonia Trek and the Everest Base Camp via the 3 Peaks and 3 Passes Nepal Trek. When he's not at work he can be found spending time with his lovely wife Erika and son Jack.

As IMG's General Manager, Tammy is responsible for overseeing the numerous organizational details of defence supporting our staff and office including, but by no means limited to; accounting, reporting, staffing and customer service. In short, she helps keep the paperwork flowing and the computers humming. She lives in 5 paragraph war, Ashford with her two kids and 2003, enjoys hiking and exploring the Mt. Rainier area. Becky is IMG's Program Coordinator for all International and Domestic (non-Rainier) programs. She works closely with our Program Directors and revisited critical essay, clients to defence paper essays, ensure a smooth registration process from term start to finish for IMG climbs and treks around the globe. Being all about the numbers and the details has earned her the title of The Spreadsheet Queen #151; in other words, Excel makes her happy. She lives here in Ashford with her family and assorted critters. After spending several seasons as IMG's Assistant Shop Manager, Mackenzie has now transitioned into the IMG office, serving as our Rainier Registration Clerk.

Mackenzie processes registrations for all our Rainier customers and keeps all the ducks in a row. Mackenzie has her B.A. in Film/Video Production and is a professional photographer as well. She enjoys spending her free time exploring the outdoors and capturing the world on film or various media. Anya designs, builds, and defence paper essays, maintains the occasional website, such as IMG's mountainguides.com which she especially enjoys for benefits like use of the Company Yak. Aside from her duties as a Web Ranger, she enjoys raising chickens, goats, and beef cattle, as well as traveling to Nepal with a NASA-like assortment of creative lesson satellite gear to help sponsored climbers stay in touch with their good friends at CNN. She is rarely seen without her German Shepherd, hikes throughout the Northwest every chance she gets, has climbed Rainier, Elbrus, and white paper 2003, Denali, and dilemma healthcare essays, has trekked Nepal several times. Mar 2017 #151; Charlotte Austin's article for Outdoor Research on The Psychology of Climbing with Women » Aug 2016 #151; IMG guide Josh McDowell climbs Everest with a Seahawks 12th man flag » Apr 2015 #151; IMG guide and white paper essays, physician, Emily Johnston, was guiding on Everest when the earthquake struck » Feb 2015 #151; IMG guide Emily Johnston profiled in Women's Adventure Magazine : Dirtbag Doctor: Rainier's Medicine Woman » Apr 2014 #151; IMG Guide Mike Hamill's article for war the Wall Street Journal on how Sherpas and essays, Western climbers stand united after a disaster on Mt. Everest Jan 2012 #151; IMG Guide Greg Vernovage featured in Truck Camper Magazine Aug 2010 #151; George Dunn's Top 10 Climbing Gear Tips » Jul 2010 #151; What They're Saying About George Dunn Nov 2008 #151; IMG guide Mike Hamill climbs the 7 Summits in 11 Months » May 2008 #151; Climbing Magazine: Seeds on top of Everest #151; Merle helps school kids achieve a 2008 Guinness World Record » May 2008 #151; News Tribune: Justin Merle contributes to a record season on Everest » Aug 2008 #151; Seattle Times: Liam O'Sullivan sets new Rainier speed ascent record » Jul 2008 #151; News Tribune: Justin Merle breaks Mt.

Rainier speed ascent record » May 2007 #151; The London Times: story of the difficult rescue IMG guides Hahn, Grom, Haugen and Phinjo Sherpa executed on their descent from the summit of Everest » Dec 2006 #151; News Tribune: Jason Edwards in Heroes and Legends of 2006 » Jul 2006 #151; News Tribune: Jason Edwards achieves 300th summit of Mt. Rainier » Oct 2001 #151; Salt Lake Tribune: Hahn's 2001 Everest rescue #151; the highest in history » IMG's Vinson Princes on their Court. We love volleyball. it's more or less a sport. (Video by: Greg Vernovage) Steph D. (Kilimanjaro 2014) IMG Rainier training, 2015 Kevin T. Text! (Mt. Rainier Denali Seminar) IMG Rainier training, May 2013 Polly P. (Mt.

Shuksan) John C. (Rainier, Kautz Glacier) IMG Rainier training, May 2011 Jim W. (Rainier, Fuhrer Finger) Grace P. (Bolivia) Angela and Seth H. (Vinson) Angela H. (Vinson) Doug I. White 2003 Supporting! (Aconcagua) Polly P. (Mt.

Rainier) IMG guides Anne Keller, Liam O'Sullivan, Dan Otter, and Jeff Henderson climb up and ski down the how to problems Fuhrer Finger route on Mt. Defence Paper Essays! Rainier, Feb 25, 2008. Video by: Dan Otter. IMG guides and cold war, staff, Rainier training Top Row: Tye Chapman, Brian Warren, Greg Vernovage, Eric Simonson, George Dunn, Kelly Ryan, Dan Otter, Andy Polloczek, Aaron Mainer. Front Row: Adam Angel, Ty Gimenz, Cassy Gorman, Ben Kurdt, Tammy Gorman, Eric Gullickson, Phil Ershler. Robert M. (Cho Oyu)

Dan G. (Everest Climb) Jim P. (Kilimanjaro) Mike (Mexico Volcanoes) Theodore F. (Aconcagua) Bob G. Defence White 2003 Supporting Essays! (The Matterhorn) Robert M. (Cho Oyu) Jeff M. (Mt. Whitney) Phil J. (Everest BC Nepal Trek) Nicole A. Healthcare Essays! (Kilimanjaro)

Nicky M. (Aconcagua) Polly P. (Mt. Rainier) Alan A. Defence White Paper 2003 Supporting! (Everest Climb) Please support the companies who support IMG: International Mountain Guides, LLC. A Washington State Limited Liability Company. mailing: P.O. Box 246. Ashford, WA 98304 United States.

This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need javascript enabled to view it. IMG is accredited by the AMGA. Eric Simonson, George Dunn, and Phil Ershler are AMGA. certified alpine guides. 1998-2017 International Mountain Guides.

All rights reserved. Cold War! Prices and paper 2003, dates are subject to change without notice. International Mountain Guides® is the registered trademark of International Mountain Guides, LLC. Website: Anya Zolotusky.

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consumerism essay Frequently brilliant. #151;Publishers Weekly. Perhaps the most unfashionable man ever to appear in supporting essays Details. #151;Roger Trilling, Details. [Frank is] perhaps the most provocative young cultural critic of the moment, and certainly the most malcontent.#151; The New York Times. An indispensable book that is so retro it's the closest thing our culture has seen to hip. . . . Cold. Superb and immensely readable. . . . With The Conquest of Cool , Frank#151;brilliant, excoriating and white paper essays wickedly funny#151;assumes the mantle of the preeminent cultural critic of his generation.#151;Tom Grimes, Houston Chronicle. This is a powerful and important argument. School. . . The Conquest of Cool helps us understand why, throughout the last third of the 20th century, Americans have increasingly confused gentility with conformity, irony with protest, and an extended middle finger with a populist manifesto. . . . Frank deftly shows the myriad ways that advertising has redefined radicalism by conflating it with in-your-face consumerism. . White Paper 2003 Supporting Essays. . . Term. His voice is an exciting addition to the soporific public discourse of the late 20th century.#151;Jackson Lears, In These Times. Frank is a leading Gen-X cynic.

His favorite target: how corporate America forces conformity on the masses.#151; Newsweek , 100 Americans for defence supporting essays the Next Century Oldsmobile, 1961: detroit's utopian imagination. For more of Thomas Frank, visit The Baffler website. The Conquest of Cool. Business Culture, Counterculture, and the Rise of Hip Consumerism. by Thomas Frank. Why do this kind of advertising if not to incite people to riot?#151;Nike copywriter, 1996. of commerce and counterculture. F or as long as America is graduate term, torn by culture wars, the 1960s will remain the historical terrain of conflict. Defence Paper 2003 Essays. Although popular memories of that era are increasingly vague and generalized#151;the stuff of latin text classic rock radio and commemorative television replayings of the 1968 Chicago riot footage#151;we understand the sixties almost instinctively as the white 2003 decade of the big change, the birthplace of our own culture, the homeland of hip, an era of which the tastes and discoveries and creative lesson for 4th grade passions, however obscure their origins, have somehow determined the world in which we are condemned to live. For many, the defence 2003 essays world with which the sixties left us is how to age word problems, a distinctly unhappy one.

While acknowledging the successes of the civil rights and antiwar movements, scholarly accounts of the decade, bearing titles like Coming Apart and The Unraveling of defence paper America , generally depict the sixties as a ten-year fall from grace, the loss of a golden age of creative writing plans for 4th grade consensus, the end of an edenic epoch of shared values and safe centrism. White 2003 Supporting Essays. This vision of social decline, though, is positively rosy compared with the fire-breathing historical accusations of more recent years. For Allan Bloom, recounting with still-raw bitterness in his best-selling The Closing of the American Mind the student uprising and the faculty capitulation at Cornell in 1969, the misdeeds of the campus New Left were an intellectual catastrophe comparable only with the experiences of German professors under the Nazis. So far as universities are concerned, he writes in his chapter entitled, The Sixties, I know of nothing positive coming from that period; it was an unmitigated disaster for them. Ethical Dilemma Healthcare. Lines like Whether it be Nuremberg or Woodstock, the principle is the same, and defence white essays Bloom's characterization of Cornell's then-president as of the moral stamp of those who were angry with Poland for resisting Hitler because this precipitated the graduate papers war, constituted for several years the high watermark of anti-sixties bluster. But later texts topped even this. By 1996 it had become fashionable to extend the blame for white paper 2003 supporting unhappy events in the academy that Bloom heaped on the sixties to the demise of civility and, taking off from there, for essays virtually everything that could be said to be wrong about America generally. For Robert Bork, the sixties accomplished nothing less than sending America Slouching Towards Gomorrah: thanks to the decade's revolutionary nihilism and the craven Establishment's surrender, cultural radicals and their ideology are all around us now (a fantasy of defeat which, although Bork doesn't seem to realize it, rephrases Jerry Rubin's 1971 fantasy of revolution, We Are Everywhere ). Defence Essays. Political figures on ethical dilemma essays the right, waxing triumphal in the aftermath of the 1994 elections, also identify the sixties, a term which they use interchangeably with the defence 2003 supporting counterculture, as the source of every imaginable species of the social blight from which they have undertaken to rescue the term papers nation. Republican speechwriter Peggy Noonan puts the fall from grace directly, exhorting readers of a recent volume of defence paper 2003 supporting conservative writing to remember your boomer childhood in the towns and suburbs when you were safe and the cities were better, back before society strained and how to solve problems cracked, in the storms of sixties selfishness.

Former history professor Newt Gingrich is the most assiduous and prominent antagonist of the sixties, imagining it as a time of countercultural McGoverniks, whom he holds responsible not only for defence 2003 supporting essays the demise of traditional values and the various deeds of the New Left, but (illogically and anachronistically) for the hated policies of the Great Society as well. Healthcare. Journalist Fred Barnes outlines a theory of American history related to him by Gingrich. in which the 1960s represent a crucial break, a discontinuity. From 1607 down till 1965, there is a core pattern to white paper 2003 American history. Here's how we did it until the Great Society messed everything up: don't work, don't eat; your salvation is spiritual; the government by definition can't save you; governments are into maintenance and all good reforms are into transformation. Then, from 1965 to 1994, we did strange and weird things as a country. Now we're done with that and we have to recover. Creative Writing Lesson Plans Grade. The counterculture is a momentary aberration in American history that will be looked back upon white supporting essays, as a quaint period of Bohemianism brought to the national elite. The conservatives' version of the sixties is not without interest, particularly when it is an account of a given person's revulsion from the culture of an era. Their usefulness as history, however, is undermined by 95 theses latin text their insistence on understanding the defence white 2003 supporting sixties as a causal force in and of itself and their curious blurring of the lines between various historical actors: counterculture equals Great Society equals New Left equals the sixties generation, all of them driven by some mysterious impulse to tear down Western Civilization. Bork is particularly given to babylon such slipshod historiography, imagining at one point that the sixties won't even stay put in defence supporting the 1960s.

It was a malignant decade, he writes, that, after a fifteen-year remission, returned in the 1980s to metastasize more devastatingly throughout our culture than it had in the Sixties, not with tumult but quietly, in solve age word the moral and essays political assumptions of those who now control and guide our major cultural institutions. Babylon Critical. The closest Bork, Bloom, Gingrich, and their colleagues will come to explanations is to revive one of several creaking devices: the sixties as a moral drama of millennialist utopians attempting to work their starry-eyed will in the real world, the sixties as a time of excessive affluence, the defence white paper 2003 supporting essays sixties as a time of imbalance in ethical healthcare the eternal war between the generations, or the sixties as the fault of Dr. Spock, who persuaded American parents in the lost fifties to pamper their children excessively. Despite its shortcomings, the conservatives' vision of sixties-as-catastrophe has achieved a certain popular success. Both Bloom's and Bork's books were best-sellers. And a mere mention of hippies or the sixties is capable of paper 2003 arousing in ethical healthcare essays some quarters an astonishing amount of rage against what many still imagine to have been an era of cultural treason. In the white suburban Midwest, one happens so frequently across declarations of sixties- and hippie-hatred that the white paper 2003 posture begins to seem a sort of historiographical prerequisite to being middle class and essay cold war of a certain age; in the nation's politics, sixties- and white 2003 supporting hippie-bashing remains a trump card only healthcare essays slightly less effective than red-baiting was in earlier times.

One bit of political ephemera that darkened a 1996 congressional race in south Chicago managed to appeal to both hatreds at once, tarring a Democratic candidate as the nephew of a bona fide communist and the choice of the still-hated California hippies, representatives of whom (including one photograph of Ken Kesey's famous bus, Further) are pictured protesting, tripping, dancing, and carrying signs for the Democrat in defence 2003 question. In mass culture, dark images of the treason and excess of the 1960s are not difficult to find. The fable of the doubly-victimized soldiers in Vietnam, betrayed first by liberals and doves in government and then spat upon by members of the indistinguishable New Left/Counterculture has been elevated to cultural archetype by the Rambo movies and has since become such a routine trope that its invocation#151;and the resulting outrage#151;requires only the mouthing of a few standard references. The exceedingly successful 1994 movie Forrest Gump transformed into archetype the rest of the conservatives' understanding of the decade, depicting youth movements of the sixties in a particularly malevolent light and their leaders (a demagogue modeled on Abbie Hoffman, a sinister group of Black Panthers, and an SDS commissar who is attired, after Bloom's interpretation, in age word problems a Nazi tunic) as diabolical charlatans, architects of a national madness from which the movie's characters only recover under the benevolent presidency of Ronald Reagan. But stay tuned for just a moment longer and a different myth of the counterculture and its meaning crosses the screen.

Regardless of the tastes of Republican leaders, rebel youth culture remains the cultural mode of the defence paper 2003 corporate moment, used to 5 paragraph essay war promote not only specific products but the general idea of life in the cyber-revolution. Commercial fantasies of rebellion, liberation, and outright revolution against the stultifying demands of mass society are commonplace almost to the point of invisibility in advertising, movies, and television programming. For some, Ken Kesey's parti-colored bus may be a hideous reminder of national unraveling, but for defence white paper Coca-Cola it seemed a perfect promotional instrument for its Fruitopia line, and the company has proceeded to send replicas of the bus around the country to generate interest in critical essay the counterculturally themed beverage. Nike shoes are sold to the accompaniment of words delivered by white paper William S. Burroughs and songs by The Beatles, Iggy Pop, and Gil Scott Heron (the revolution will not be televised); peace symbols decorate a line of cigarettes manufactured by R. J. Babylon Essay. Reynolds and the walls and windows of Starbucks coffee shops nationwide; the 2003 essays products of Apple, IBM, and Microsoft are touted as devices of liberation; and advertising across the ethical dilemma product category sprectrum calls upon consumers to break rules and find themselves. The music industry continues to rejuvenate itself with the periodic discovery of new and evermore subversive youth movements and our televisual marketplace is a 24-hour carnival, a showplace of transgression and inversion of values, of humiliated patriarchs and shocked puritans, of screaming guitars and concupiscent youth, of fashions that are uniformly defiant, of cars that violate convention and defence white paper 2003 supporting essays shoes that let us be us. A host of self-designated corporate revolutionaries, outlining the accelerated new capitalist order in magazines like Wired and Fast Company, gravitate naturally to the imagery of rebel youth culture to dramatize their own insurgent vision. This version of the countercultural myth is so pervasive that it appears even in ethical dilemma essays the very places where the defence white historical counterculture is being maligned. Just as Newt Gingrich hails an individualistic revolution while tirading against the counterculture, Forrest Gump features a soundtrack of rock 'n' roll music, John Lennon and Elvis Presley appearing in their usual roles as folk heroes, and two carnivalesque episodes in which Gump meets heads of state, avails himself grotesquely of their official generosity (consuming fifteen bottles of revisited critical essay White House soda in one scene), and paper 2003 confides to them the tribulations of his nether regions.

He even bares his ass to Lyndon Johnson, perhaps the ultimate countercultural gesture. However the conservatives may froth, this second myth comes much closer to what academics and responsible writers accept as the standard account of the decade. Mainstream culture was tepid, mechanical, and uniform; the dilemma revolt of the young against defence essays it was a joyous and even a glorious cultural flowering, though it quickly became mainstream itself. Rick Perlstein has summarized this standard version of what went on in the ethical essays sixties as the declension hypothesis, a tale in which, as the Fifties grayly droned on, springs of contrarian sentiment began bubbling into the best minds of a generation raised in unprecedented prosperity but well versed in the existential subversions of the Beats and Mad magazine. The story ends with the noble idealism of the New Left in defence 2003 supporting essays ruins and the counterculture sold out to Hollywood and 5 paragraph essay cold war the television networks. So natural has this standard version of the white paper 2003 supporting countercultural myth come to term seem that it required little explanation when, on the twenty-fifth anniversary of the historical counterculture's greatest triumph, a group of essays cultural speculators and commercial backers (Pepsi-Cola prominent among them) joined forces to put on a second Woodstock. Writing Lesson Plans For 4th Grade. But this time the commercial overtones were just a little too pronounced, and journalists rained down abuse on defence white paper 2003 supporting essays the venture#151;not because it threatened traditional values but because it defiled the essays memory of the defence paper 2003 essays apotheosized original. Woodstock II was said to be a simple act of exploitation, a degraded carnival of corporate logos, endorsements, and product-placement while the creative writing lesson plans 1969 festival was sentimentally recalled as an event of youthful innocence and idealistic glory.

Conflicting though they may seem, the defence white essays two stories of sixties culture agree on a number of basic points. Both assume quite naturally that the counterculture was what it said it was; that is, a fundamental opponent of the critical essay capitalist order. Both foes and partisans assume, further, that the counterculture is the appropriate symbol#151;if not the defence supporting essays actual historical cause#151;for the creative plans big cultural shifts that transformed the 2003 United States and that permanently rearranged Americans' cultural priorities. They also agree that these changes constituted a radical break or rupture with existing American mores, that they were just as transgressive and as menacing and as revolutionary as countercultural participants believed them to essay be. More crucial for paper 2003 essays our purposes here, all sixties narratives place the stories of the groups that are believed to have been so transgressive and revolutionary at their center; American business culture is thought to have been peripheral, if it's mentioned at all. Other than the occasional purveyor of stereotype and conspiracy theory, virtually nobody has shown much interest in telling the story of the executives or suburbanites who awoke one day to find their authority challenged and paradigms problematized. And whether the narrators of the sixties story are conservatives or radicals, they tend to term assume that business represented a static, unchanging body of faiths, goals, and practices, a background of muted, uniform gray against which the counterculture went through its colorful chapters. But the actual story is quite a bit messier. The cultural changes that would become identified as counterculture began well before 1960, with roots deep in bohemian and paper supporting romantic thought, and the era of upheaval persisted long after 1970 rolled around. And while nearly every account of the decade's youth culture describes it as a reaction to the stultifying economic and cultural environment of the postwar years, almost none have noted how that context#151;the world of business and of middle-class mores#151;was itself changing during the 1960s. The 1960s was the era of Vietnam, but it was also the war high watermark of American prosperity and white paper 2003 essays a time of fantastic ferment in managerial thought and corporate practice.

Postwar American capitalism was hardly the unchanging and soulless machine imagined by countercultural leaders; it was as dynamic a force in its own way as the revolutionary youth movements of the period, undertaking dramatic transformations of both the way it operated and ethical healthcare essays the way it imagined itself. But business history has been largely ignored in accounts of the defence paper essays cultural upheaval of the 1960s. This is unfortunate, because at the heart of every interpretation of the counterculture is a very particular#151;and very questionable#151;understanding of corporate ideology and of business practice. According to the standard story, business was the cold war monolithic bad guy who had caused America to become a place of puritanical conformity and empty consumerism; business was the great symbolic foil against which the young rebels defined themselves; business was the force of irredeemable evil lurking behind the orderly lawns of suburbia and defence the nefarious deeds of the Pentagon. Although there are a few accounts of the sixties in which the two are thought to be synchronized in a cosmic sense (Jerry Rubin often wrote about the joys of watching television and expressed an interest in making commercials; Tom Wolfe believes that Ken Kesey's countercultural aesthetic derived from the consumer boom of the fifties), for the vast majority of countercultural sympathizers, the creative writing plans only relationship between the two was one of hostility.

And from its very beginnings down to the present, business dogged the defence white paper essays counterculture with a fake counterculture, a commercial replica that seemed to ape its every move for the titillation of the TV-watching millions and the nation's corporate sponsors. Revisited Critical. Every rock band with a substantial following was immediately honored with a host of imitators; the 1967 summer of love was as much a product of lascivious television specials and Life magazine stories as it was an expression of youthful disaffection; Hearst launched a psychedelic magazine in defence 2003 supporting essays 1968; and even hostility to co-optation had a desperately authentic shadow, documented by a famous 1968 print ad for Columbia Records titled But The Man Can't Bust Our Music. So oppressive was the climate of creative lesson national voyeurism that, as early as the fall of 1967, the San Francisco Diggers had held a funeral for Hippie, devoted son of mass media. This book is a study of co-optation rather than counterculture, an analysis of the forces and logic that made rebel youth cultures so attractive to defence supporting corporate decision-makers rather than a study of those cultures themselves. In doing so, it risks running afoul of what I will call the co-optation theory: faith in school papers the revolutionary potential of authentic counterculture combined with the notion that business mimics and mass-produces fake counterculture in order to cash in on a particular demographic and to subvert the great threat that real counterculture represents. Who Built America?, the textbook produced by the American Social History project, includes a reproduction of the now-infamous Man Can't Bust Our Music ad and this caption summary of co-optation theory: If you can't beat 'em, absorb 'em.

The text below explains the phenomenon as a question of demographics and savvy marketing, as a marker of the moment when Record companies, clothing manufacturers, and other purveyors of consumer goods quickly recognized a new market. The ill-fated ad is also reproduced as an object of mockery in underground journalist Abe Peck's book on the decade and mentioned in defence supporting essays countless other sixties narratives. Unfortunately, though, the weaknesses of this historical faith are many and critical, and essay war the argument made in these pages tends more to stress these inadequacies than to uphold the myths of authenticity and co-optation. Apart from certain obvious exceptions at either end of the spectrum of commodification (represented, say, by the MC-5 at one end and the Monkees at the other) it was and remains difficult to distinguish precisely between authentic counterculture and fake: by white paper supporting almost every account, the counterculture, as a mass movement distinct from the bohemias that preceded it, was triggered at least as much by 95 theses developments in mass culture (particularly the arrival of The Beatles in 1964) as changes at white 2003 supporting essays the grass roots. Its heroes were rock stars and rebel celebrities, millionaire performers and 95 theses latin text employees of the white paper essays culture industry; its greatest moments occurred on television, on the radio, at rock concerts, and in movies. From a distance of thirty years, its language and how to age word music seem anything but the authentic populist culture they yearned so desperately to be: from contrived cursing to saintly communalism to the embarrassingly faked Woody Guthrie accents of white paper 2003 supporting Bob Dylan and to the astoundingly pretentious works of 95 theses latin groups like Iron Butterfly and The Doors, the relics of the counterculture reek of affectation and phoniness, the defence essays leisure-dreams of white suburban children like those who made up so much of the Grateful Dead's audience throughout the 1970s and 1980s. This is a study of business thought, but in its consequences it is necessarily a study of ethical healthcare essays cultural dissent as well: its promise, its meaning, its possibilities, and, most important, its limitations.

And it is, above all, the story of the defence 2003 essays bohemian cultural style's trajectory from adversarial to hegemonic; the story of hip's mutation from native language of the alienated to that of creative advertising. It is more than a little odd that, in this age of nuance and negotiated readings, we lack a serious history of co-optation, one that understands corporate thought as something other than a cartoon. Co-optation remains something we vilify almost automatically; the historical particulars which permit or discourage co-optation#151;or even the obvious fact that some things are co-opted while others are not#151;are simply not addressed. Defence Essays. Regardless of whether the co-opters deserve our vilification or not, the process by which they make rebel subcultures their own is clearly an important element of contemporary life. 95 Theses Latin Text. And while the ways in which business anticipated and reacted to the youth culture of the 1960s may not reveal much about the individual experiences of white paper 2003 supporting essays countercultural participants, examining them closely does allow a more critical perspective on the phenomenon of co-optation, as well as on the value of certain strategies of text cultural confrontation, and, ultimately, on the historical meaning of the counterculture. To begin to take co-optation seriously is instantly to discard one of the basic shibboleths of sixties historiography. As it turns out, many in American business, particularly in the two industries studied here, imagined the counterculture not as an enemy to white 2003 be undermined or a threat to consumer culture but as a hopeful sign, a symbolic ally in their own struggles against the mountains of babylon essay dead-weight procedure and hierarchy that had accumulated over the years. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, leaders of the advertising and menswear businesses developed a critique of their own industries, of over-organization and creative dullness, that had much in defence 2003 supporting common with the critique of mass society which gave rise to the counterculture. Like the young insurgents, people in more advanced reaches of the American corporate world deplored conformity, distrusted routine, and dilemma encouraged resistance to established power. They welcomed the youth-led cultural revolution not because they were secretly planning to subvert it or even because they believed it would allow them to tap a gigantic youth market (although this was, of course, a factor), but because they perceived in it a comrade in their own struggles to revitalize American business and the consumer order generally. If American capitalism can be said to have spent the 1950s dealing in defence paper conformity and consumer fakery, during the graduate decade that followed, it would offer the public authenticity, individuality, difference, and rebellion.

If we really want to understand American culture in the sixties, we must acknowledge at least the possibility that the co-opters had it right, that Madison Avenue's vision of the counterculture was in some ways correct. A dvertising and menswear, the defence 2003 supporting essays two industries with which this book are directly concerned, were deeply caught up in both the corporate and cultural changes that defined the sixties. The story in men's clothing is simple enough and is often cited as an indicator of changing times along with movies, novels, and popular music: the fifties are remembered, rather stereotypically, as a time of gray flannel dullness, while the sixties were an era of dilemma essays sartorial gaudiness. The change in the nation's advertising is defence paper supporting essays, less frequently remembered as one of the important turning points between the fifties and sixties, but the changes here were, if anything, even more remarkable, more significant, and took place slightly earlier than those in music and youth culture. Both industries were on 95 theses the cutting edge of the shifts in corporate practice in the 1960s, and both were also conspicuous users of countercultural symbolism#151;they were, if you will, the leading lights of co-optation. But both industries' reaction to youth culture during the defence white supporting essays sixties was more complex than that envisioned by the co-optation theory. Ethical Dilemma. Both menswear and supporting essays advertising were paralyzed by similar problems in the 1950s: they suffered from a species of creative doldrums, an plans, inability to move beyond the conventions they had invented for themselves and to tap into that wellspring of American economic dynamism that Fortune called the permanent revolution. Both industries underwent revolutions in their own right during the 1960s, with vast changes in corporate practice, in productive flexibility, and especially in paper that intangible phenomenon known as creativity#151;and in both cases well before the counterculture appeared on the mass-media scene. Ethical Dilemma. In the decade that followed, both industries found a similar solution to their problems: a commercial version of the mass society theory that made of alienation a motor for fashion.

Seeking a single metaphor by which to characterize the accelerated obsolescence and paper 2003 enhanced consumer friendliness to change which were their goals, leaders in both fields had already settled on youth and youthfulness several years before saturation TV and print coverage of the summer of love introduced middle America to papers the fabulous new lifestyles of the young generation. Then, in 1967 and 1968, advertising and defence 2003 essays menswear executives seized upon the counterculture as the preeminent symbol of the revolution in which they were engaged, embellishing both their trade literature and their products with images of rebellious, individualistic youth. While leaders of both industries appreciated the demographic bonanza that the baby boom represented, their concentration on the symbols of first youth and then culture-rebel owed more to new understandings of consumption and business culture than to a desire to sell the kids. Creative Plans For 4th Grade. The counterculture served corporate revolutionaries as a projection of the new ideology of business, a living embodiment of attitudes that reflected their own. In its hostility to established tastes, the counterculture seemed to be preparing young people to rebel against whatever they had patronized before and to view the cycles of the new without the suspicion of paper supporting earlier eras. Its simultaneous craving for authenticity and suspicion of 95 theses text tradition seemed to defence white paper 2003 make the counterculture an ideal vehicle for a vast sea-change in American consuming habits. Through its symbols and myths, leaders of the menswear and advertising industries imagined a consumerism markedly different from its 1950s permutation, a hip consumerism driven by babylon revisited critical essay disgust with mass society itself. Capitalism was entering the space age in the sixties, and Organization Man was a drag not only as a parent, but as an executive. The old values of caution, deference, and paper hierarchy drowned creativity and denied flexibility; they enervated not only the human spirit but the consuming spirit and the entrepreneurial spirit as well.

And when business leaders cast their gaze onto the youth culture bubbling around them, they saw both a reflection of their own struggle against the stifling bureaucracy of the past and an affirmation of a dynamic new consuming order that would replace the old. For these business thinkers, the cultural revolution that has come to be symbolized by the counterculture seemed an affirmation of their own revolutionary faiths, a reflection of their own struggles to call their corporate colleagues into step with the chaotic and frenetically changing economic universe. The revolutions in menswear and advertising#151;as well as the larger revolution in term corporate thought#151;ran out of steam when the great postwar prosperity collapsed in the early 1970s. In a larger sense, though, the corporate revolution of the 2003 essays 1960s never ended. In the early 1990s, while the nation was awakening to how to problems the realities of the hyperaccelerated global information economy, the language of the business revolution of the sixties (and even some of the individuals who led it) made a triumphant return. Although on the surface menswear seemed to have settled back into placidity, the reputation of the defence 2003 supporting designers and creative rebels who made their first appearance during the decade of revolt were at their zenith in the 1990s; men's clothes were again being presented to the public as emblems of nonconformity; and dilemma the magazines which most prominently equated style with rebellion ( Details and GQ, the latter of defence supporting which had been founded at essay the opening of the earlier revolution in 1957) were enjoying great success. The hottest advertising agencies of the late 1980s and early 1990s were, again, the small creative firms; a new company of creative rebels came to dominate the 2003 supporting essays profession; and advertising that offered to help consumers overcome their alienation, to facilitate their nonconformity, and which celebrated rule-breaking and insurrection became virtually ubiquitous. Most important, the corporate theory of the 1990s makes explicit references to sixties management theory and the experiences of the counterculture. Like the ethical dilemma essays laid-back executives who personify it, the supporting ideology of information capitalism is a child of the 1960s; the intervening years of the 1970s and 1980s may have delayed the revolution, but they hardly defused its urgency. Placing the culture of the 1960s in graduate school term this corporate context does little to support any of the defence white standard countercultural myths, nor does it affirm the consensual notion of the 1960s as a time of fundamental cultural confrontation. It suggests instead that the 5 paragraph counterculture may be more accurately understood as a stage in the development of the values of the American middle class, a colorful installment in the twentieth century drama of consumer subjectivity.

This is not, of course, a novel interpretation: in the 1960s and 1970s it was a frequent plaint among writers who insisted that the counterculture was apolitical and self-indulgent, or, when it did spill over into obviously political manifestations, confused and defence white supporting essays anarchistic. This critique of cultural liberation even extends back to essay cold the late 1950s, when Delmore Schwartz reacted to the rise of the Beats by pointing out that the supporting attack of the san francisco howlers on babylon revisited essay the conformism of the organization man, the advertising executive, the man in the grey flannel suit, or the man in the brooks brothers suit was. a form of shadow boxing because the Man in the Brooks Brothers suit is himself, in defence paper supporting his own home, very often what [Bertrand] Russell has called an upper Bohemian. His conformism is limited to the office day and business hours: in private life#151;and at heart#151;he is as Bohemian as anyone else. Michael Harrington described the papers counterculture in 1972 as a massification of the bohemia in which he had spent his youth, an assumption of the 2003 essays values of Greenwich Village by the decidedly nonrevolutionary middle class. i wonder if the mass counterculture may not be a reflection of the very hyped and video-taped world it professes to despise, he wrote. Bohemia could not survive the passing of its polar opposite 5 paragraph cold and precondition, middle-class morality.

Free love and all-night drinking and white paper 2003 art for latin text art's sake were consequences of a single stern imperative: thou shalt not be bourgeois. But once the bourgeoisie itself became decadent#151;once businessmen started hanging nonobjective art in the boardroom#151;Bohemia was deprived of the stifling atmosphere without which it could not breathe. Others understood the counterculture explicitly in terms of accelerating consumer culture and the crisis in corporate thought. having professed their disdain for middle-class values, wrote novelist and adman Earl Shorris in 1967, the white paper 2003 essays hippies indulge in them without guilt. Shorris envisioned the counterculture not as a movement promising fundamental transformation but as an expression of a solidly middle-class dream: The preponderance of hippies come from the middle class, because it is there even among adults that the illusion of the hippies' joy, free love, purity and drug excitement is strongest. A man grown weary of singing company songs at I.B.M. Dilemma. picnics, feeling guilty about the defence white paper 2003 supporting essays profits he has made on defense stocks, who hasn't really loved his wife for 10 years, must admire, envy and wish for a life of love and contemplation, a simple life leading to a beatific peace. He soothes his despair with the possibility that the hippies have found the answers to problems he does not dare to babylon face. In a famously cynical essay that appeared in Ramparts in 1967, Warren Hinckle pointed out that, for white essays all the rhetoric of alienation, the inhabitants of the Haight-Ashbury were brand name conscious and frantic consumers. In this commercial sense, the hippies have not only accepted assimilation . . . , they have swallowed it whole. The hippie culture is in many ways a prototype of the most ephemeral aspects of the larger American society; if the dilemma people looking in from the suburbs want change, clothes, fun, and some lightheadedness from the new gypsies, the hippies are delivering#151;and some of them are becoming rich hippies because of it.

Looking back in 1974, Marshall Berman directly equated cultural liberation in the sixties sense with dynamic economic growth. Andrew Ross pointed out in 1989 that this curiously ambivalent relationship with consumerism has always been the defining characteristic of defence white 2003 supporting essays hip: an essentially agnostic cult of style worship, hip is concerned more with advanced knowledge about the illegitimate, and staying one step ahead of the consuming crowd than with any ideology of good community faith. Nor did those who were the counterculture's putative enemies feel that it posed much of a threat to the core values of consumer capitalism. On the contrary, they found that it affirmed those values in certain crucial ways, providing American business with a system of easy symbols with which they could express their own needs and solve the essay war intractable cultural problems they had encountered during the 1950s. The counterculture has long since outlived the white 2003 supporting essays enthusiasm of its original participants and become a more or less permanent part of the American scene, a symbolic and musical language for the endless cycles of essay rebellion and transgression that make up so much of defence supporting our mass culture. With leisure-time activities of consuming redefined as rebellion, two of late capitalism's great problems could easily be met: obsolescence found a new and latin more convincing language, and citizens could symbolically resolve the contradiction between their role as consumers and their role as producers. The countercultural style has become a permanent fixture on the American scene, impervious to the angriest assaults of cultural and political conservatives, because it so conveniently and efficiently transforms the myriad petty tyrannies of economic life#151;all the defence paper 2003 supporting complaints about creative writing lesson for 4th grade conformity, oppression, bureaucracy, meaninglessness, and the disappearance of individualism that became virtually a national obsession during the 1950s#151;into rationales for paper essays consuming. No longer would Americans buy to how to solve age word problems fit in or impress the Joneses, but to demonstrate that they were wise to defence white 2003 the game, to babylon critical essay express their revulsion with the artifice and conformity of consumerism. The enthusiastic discovery of the defence white paper supporting counterculture by the branches of American business studied here marked the essay cold war consolidation of a new species of defence white 2003 supporting hip consumerism, a cultural perpetual motion machine in which disgust with the graduate term falseness, shoddiness, and everyday oppressions of consumer society could be enlisted to drive the ever-accelerating wheels of consumption.

Both of the industries studied here are often written about in quasi-conspiratorial terms. Many Americans apparently believe advertising works because it contains magic subliminals; others sneer at fashion as an defence white essays, insidious plot orchestrated by 95 theses latin text a Paris-New York cabal. Both ideas are interesting popular variations on the mass society/consumerism-as-conformity critique. But this book makes no attempt to resolve the paper supporting essays perennial question of exactly how much the garment industries control fashion trends. Obviously the Fairchild company is unable to trick the public into essay war buying whatever look it chooses to launch in one of the paper 2003 essays myriad magazines it owns, but it is hardly conspiracy-mongering to how to problems study the defence white 2003 essays company's attempts to do so. Nor does this book seek to settle the debate over whether advertising causes cultural change or reflects it: obviously it does a great deal of graduate both. Business leaders are not dictators scheming to defraud the nation, but neither are they the mystic diviners of the public will that they claim (and that free-market theory holds them) to be. I am assuming here that the thoughts and worries and defence white supporting essays ecstasies of business leaders are worth studying regardless of the exact quantity of power they exert over the public mind. Whether the cultural revolution of the 1960s was the product of conspiracy, popular will, or the movement of lesson market or dialectic, the thinking of corporate America is essential in judging its historical meaning.

This study is white supporting essays, not concerned with the counterculture as a historical phenomenon as much as it is concerned with the genesis of counterculture as an enduring commercial myth, the titanic symbolic clash of hip and square that recurs throughout post-sixties culture. On occasion, the myth is phrased in dilemma essays the overt language of the historical counterculture (Woodstock II, for example); but for the most part the subject here is the rise of a general corporate style, phrased in terms of whatever the youth culture of the day happens to 2003 supporting essays be, that celebrates both a kind of less-structured, faster-moving corporation and that also promotes consumer resistance to the by-now well-known horrors of conformist consumerism. Today hip is ubiquitous as a commercial style, a staple of ethical dilemma advertising that promises to deliver the consumer from the paper 2003 dreary nightmare of essays square consumerism. Hip is also the vernacular of the much-hyped economic revolution of the 1990s, an economic shift whose heroes are written up by none other than the New York Times Magazine as maximum revolutionaries: artists rather than commanders, wearers of ponytails and dreamers of cowboy fantasies who proudly proclaim their ignorance of rep ties. The questions that surround the paper 2003 supporting essays counterculture are enormous ones, and loaded as they are with such mythical importance to both countercultural participants and their foes, they are often difficult to consider dispassionately. Ethical Healthcare Essays. Furthermore, the paper 2003 supporting essays critique of mass society embraced by the counterculture still holds a profound appeal: young people during the 1960s were confronting the same problems that each of us continues to confront every day, and they did so with a language and style that still rings true for many. This study is, in some ways, as much a product of countercultural suspicion of age word consumerism as are the ads and fashions it evaluates. The story of the defence counterculture#151;and of insurgent youth culture generally#151;now resides somewhere near the how to solve age word center of our national self-understanding, both as the focus of endless new generations of collective youth-liberation fantasies and as the sort of white paper 2003 supporting essays cultural treason imagined by various reactionaries. And even though countercultural sympathizers are willing to recognize that co-optation is an essential aspect of youth culture, they remain reluctant to systematically evaluate business thinking on the subject, to ask how this most anticommercial youth movement of lesson plans them all became the symbol for the accelerated capitalism of the sixties and defence 2003 essays the nineties, or to hold the beloved counterculture to the harsh light of historical and economic scrutiny. It is an intellectual task whose time has come.

Copyright notice: Excerpt from pages 1-9 and essays 26-32 of The Conquest of Cool by Thomas Frank, published by the University of Chicago Press. 1997 by the University of Chicago. All rights reserved. This text may be used and shared in accordance with the fair-use provisions of defence white supporting essays U.S. copyright law, and it may be archived and redistributed in electronic form, provided that this entire notice, including copyright information, is carried and provided that the University of Chicago Press is notified and no fee is babylon critical, charged for access. Archiving, redistribution, or republication of this text on other terms, in any medium, requires the consent of both the author and the University of Chicago Press.

by Thomas Frank. 1997, 264 pages, 18 halftones, 7 tables. Cloth $22.95 ISBN: 0-226-25991-9. Paper $17.50 ISBN: 0-226-26012-7. For information on purchasing the defence white paper 2003 supporting book#151;from bookstores or here online#151;please go to the webpage for The Conquest of Cool . University of creative writing lesson plans grade Chicago Press: 1427 E. 2003 Supporting. 60th Street Chicago, IL 60637 USA | Voice: 773.702.7700 | Fax: 773.702.9756.